the package of UN documents on employment
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8 from the Copenhagen Declaration on Social Development
World Summit on Social Development, Copenhagen
Programme of Action of the World Summit for Social Development
Introduction, points 2 &3
Chapter I : An Enabling Environment for Social
Basis for action and objectives, point 7, Section A, point 9 (a-k), Action 12f
Chapter II : Eradication
Basis for action and objectives, Section 23 and 25,
Action A (b), 27(a), 29(a), 34 (a, b, c), Section C (b, c, e)
III : Expansion of Productive Employment and Reduction of Unemployment
Basis for action and objectives
Action A point 48-50 and 51 (f, h),
Action B, point 52 (f, g)
Action C, point 54, 56,
Action D, point 57-62,
Action E, points 64(b, g) and 65
Chapter IV : Social Integration
Basis for action and objectives, points 66-70,
Action A, point 71 (a-h),
Action B, point 73 (a-k),
Action C, point 74 (d),
Action E, point 77 (c)
Chapter V : Implementation and Follow-Up
Basis for action and objectives,
Action A, points 83 (a, c, f, g, h)
Action C, point 91 (c),
Action D, point 98 (c)
Copenhagen Declaration on Social Development
Chapeau, points 2 and 9
Section A: point 14, 16 (h, g), 23
Commitment 1 (f),
Commitment 2 (b, c, d),
Commitment 3 (a-k),
Commitment 5 (j),
Commitment 6 (i, u),
Commitment 8 (h, p)
UN Commission on Social Development
Annex, Section B. Employment, point 26-32
1997 Follow-up to WSSD (a,c)
1998 Follow-up to WSSD (b)
Section B. Draft decisions (3a)
Section C. Matters brought to the attention to the Council (3, 10, 16)
Section A, Draft resolution II: point 7, 14, 16
Section D. Agreed conclusions
I. points 1,2
II. points 3-7
III. points 8-14
IV. points 15-21 (a-e)
Section B. Resolutions and decisions, points 1, 8
Part A, point 26
Part B, points 49, 50, 51, 52, 55,56
Part C, points 70, 71
1998 summary, chapter II, point 5
Copenhagen +5, Geneva 2000: Review of the
World Summit for Social Development
Chapter 3: Expansion of Productive Employment and Reduction of Unemployment
Advance unedited version of the Comprehensive
Report on the Implementation of the Outcome of the World Summit for Social
Development Report of the Secretary-General
PART I: Overview
Section A, points 1, 3, 4, 9, 10, 11, 12, 17,
Section B, points 20, 21, 22, 24, 27, 30-38, 51, 57, 67
Section D, points 75, 76, 78, 79, 81, 103, 104, 105, 108, 109
Agenda 21, Rio 1992
Chapter 3. Combating Poverty (Sections 3.3, 3.4, 3.7, 3.10)
Chapter 14. Promoting Sustainable Agriculture and Rural Development, point 14.2, 14.24
Chapter 24. Global Action for Women Towards Sustainable and Equitable Development, points 24.1, 24.3
Chapter 25. Children and Youth in Sustainable Development, points A.25.3, 25.6, 25.9b
Chapter 29. Strengthening the Role of Workers and Their Trade Unions, points 29.2 & 29.5
Chapter 30. Strengthening the Role of Business and Industry, point 30.1, 30.17
Chapter 36. Promoting Education, Public Awareness and Training, points 36.12, 36.17, 36.18, 36.22
Human Rights Review
Follow-up to the World Conference on Human Rights, New York 1998
VI. Equal status and human rights of women, point 41
VIII. Special protection, points 60, 70, 71
World Conference on Women, Nairobi 1985
Summary: Nairobi Forward Looking Strategies for the Advancement of Women
Fourth World Conference on Women
Platform for Action
Chapter 1, Resolution 1, Annex II
Section II Global
Framework, points 16, 17, 19, 21, 31
IV. Strategic Objectives and Actions
A. Women and poverty
Section 52, 53, 58(b, h, i , j, k, l)
B. Education and Training of Women
Points 75, 82, 82(d)
C. Women and Health
Strategic objective C.2., point 107 (b)
Points 151, 152, 153, 155, 157, 158, 160, 160, 162, 163
Strategic objective C.5., point 93
F. Women and the economy
Strategic objective F.1, point 165 (c,g,m)
Strategic objective F.2, point 166 (a,c,e,f,g,,j)
Strategic objective F.3, point 173, 176(e)
Strategic objective F.5, point 178
J. Women and the media
Strategic objective J.1. point 239
H. Institutional mechanism for the advancement of women
Strategic Objective H.2. point 204 (b, c, f), point 205 (c,f,g,h)
International Conference on
Population and Development (ICPD), Cairo 1994
Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development
Chapter 3: Interrelationships between Population, Sustained Economic Growth and Sustainable Development
B. Population, sustained economic growth and poverty
Section 3.13, 3.15, 3.17, 3.29
Chapter 4 Gender Equality, Equity and Empowerment of Women,
Section A: Empowerment of Women, points 4.3 (b), 4..4 (b), 4.21, 4.26,
Section B. Programme management and human resource development, points 13.9, 13.19
Chapter 5 : The Family, its Roles, Rights, Composition and Structure
Section A, point 5.1, Section B, point 5.7 & 5.10
Chapter 9 Population Distribution, Urbanization and Internal Migration, points 9.4, 9.10, 9.15, 9.22
Chapter 11 : Population, Development and Education, Section A, point 11.4
Chapter 13 : National Action
Habitat II Conference, Istanbul 1996
Declaration on Human Settlements, point 4 & 6
Preamble, points 8, 9, 21
Chapter II Goals and Principals, point 28 &29
Chapter IV Global Plan of Action
Section B: Adequate Shelter for All,
2. Shelter Policies, points 67 & 69
Section C. Sustainable human settlements development in an urbanizing world
C.3. Social development: eradication of poverty, creation of productive employment and social integration
Section 115, 116(a), 117(a), 118(a, f, i), 119(f, i), 120(e), 123(c)
C 7: Sustainable Transport and Communication Systems, points 147
C 9: Improving urban economics (157,158, 159)
Section E. International cooperation and coordination,
E 4, Technology transfer and information exchange, points 205 & 206
Section F. Implementation and follow-up of the Habitat Agenda
UN Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD)
Chapter I, part 4, point 40; part 6, point 76, 77
Section D, part 2, point 168
Decision 4/1, point 4a
Section B, Decision 6/2 part A, point 2, part B, point 8, 9, 10; part C, point 5;
Annex II, point 4, 12; part B, point 14; part C, point 28, 31, 55
Decision 7/3 (3i, 5a); Annex, general considerations, point 3, 10
UN Commission on the Status of Women 1996 (40th
Report on the 40th session
Agreed conclusions 1996/2
E. Women and global communications
- Section D. Adapting the legal system (12c, 12e),
- Section E. Adopting and promoting a family support policy and encouraging reconciliation of family and professional life for women and men (14, 15),
- Section F Resolution 40/6, points 9 (d,e),
- Annex, II Specific Comments, Section F. Women and the Economy, 36
- Chapter II Follow-up
Implementation of strategic objectives and actions in the critical areas of concern: Poverty, 62 (4e, 4f. 4g),
The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women: CEDAW, article 11
International Bill of Human Rights
Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Article 23 and 25III,
Preamble, part III article 66, 7 (c), 10
UN Agencies & Intergovernmental Bodies reports
|Human Development Report 1996||http://www.undp.org/hdro/96.htm
ECONOMIC GROWTH AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
The Report argues that economic growth, if not properly managed, can be jobless, voiceless, ruthless, rootless and futureless, and thus detrimental to human development. The quality of growth is therefore as important as its quantity¾ for poverty reduction, human development and sustainability.
The Report concludes that the links between economic growth and human development must be deliberately forged and regularly fortified by skillful and intelligent policy management. It identifies employment as critical for translating the benefits of economic growth into the lives of people. But for this to happen, new patterns of growth will need to be developed and sustained well into the 21st century¾ and new mechanisms must be developed to integrate the weak and the vulnerable into the expanding global economy.
The UN-business Global Compact in action
The last year of the 20th century has seen a constructive new relationship develop between the United Nations and business, with each side recognizing that their respective goals are mutually supporting.
Peace, development, the rule of law and harmonious and constructive relations between nations are fundamental goals of the United Nations. Achievement of these goals enables business to expand and prosper.
By creating wealth and jobs, by stimulating scientific and technical progress, and by constantly improving products under the stimulus of competition, companies help to defeat poverty and improve the quality of life. And poverty is the enemy of the humanitarian values espoused by the UN.
These complementary goals led the UN Secretary General, Kofi Annan, to propose a Global Compact between the UN and business to uphold a set of core values in the areas of human rights, labour standards and environmental practice.
Visit for a list of corporate examples.
The Global Compact
At the World Economic Forum in Davos, UN Secretary-General Kofi A. Annan challenged world business leaders to "embrace and enact" the Global Compact, both in their individual corporate practices and by supporting appropriate public policies. These principles cover topics in human rights, labour and environment.
Visit this site to get an overview of these principles, a section on how to transform these principles into management practices, a section on partners and initiatives and more.
NGO Copenhagen Alternative Declaration
This Declaration builds upon efforts emanating from the NGO Development Caucus during the Social Summit preparatory meetings, the Oslo Fjord Declaration, and other national and international citizens' initiatives.
|NGO Documents for the Earth Summit, 1992||Treaty 17. Treaty on Consumption and
Lifestyle, points 21 and 31
Treaty 18. Poverty Treaty, points 13 and 17
Treaty 46. Treaty on Urbanization, point 26
|NGO Documents for CSD 1999||Gender & Tourism. Women's Employment and Participation, report
submitted to CSD-7 by UNED-UK
Summary at http://www.earthsummit2002.org/toolkits/women/current/gendertourismrep.html
|The Panos Institute||http://www.panos.org.uk/
Panos Briefing No 33, May 1999
GLOBALISATION AND EMPLOYMENT
New opportunities, real threats
1. The differing impacts of globalisation
2. Job creation, job destruction
3. Easy come, easy go?
4. Race to the bottom?
5. The Feminisation of Employment
6. Maximising benefits, minimising risks
UNA-USA Business Council for the UN
Worker Rights in the Global Economy
In the interest of promoting substantive discussion, UNA-USA is pleased to provide a broad reference list of groups offering a range of perspectives on the issue of worker "rights" and the impact of globalization on labor. Though not comprehensive, this list represents many of the well-known organizations working variously on questions of labor, commerce, trade, economic, or legal policy. Many of the descriptions are taken directly or paraphrased from the organizations' own web sites.
|European Business Network for Social Cohesion||
|European Bahá'í Business Forum (EBBF)||
Business & Industry
International Chamber of Commerce
|ICC in cooperation with the UN||
The World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD)
WBCSD in collaboration with United Nations
International Aid and Trade
Conference & Exhibition in New York 31 May - 1 June 2000
Every year in New York City, International Aid & Trade brings together heads of UN agencies, government and NGO representatives, and major international CEOs to strengthen the partnership between the United Nations and the private sector. This event allows UN and business executives to review their joint projects on an annual basis, define future directions, and draw lessons from their collaboration. Corporations showcase their goods and services to the community of UN and World Bank procurement officers and find out about upcoming contracts and trends.
International Aid & Trade 2000 is a unique event. It will be the first time that heads of UN agencies, CEOs, and representatives from governments and NGOs come together under one roof in New York City to strengthen their partnership around the world. Corporations will display their equipment and expertise. Procurement officers from the UN and the World Bank will visit the exhibition and explain their bidding procedures at a special workshop. UN officials will explain why the United Nations must work with business in the next century to reduce poverty, safeguard the environment, and maintain an open economy that benefits all countries. UN and business representatives will sit at the same table to develop concrete projects in a country recovering from conflict.
|The Copenhagen Center||
|Business for Social Responsibility (BSR)||
|Global Business Responsibility Resource Center||
|European Trade Union Confederation - ETUC||http://www.etuc.org
The ETUC seeks to influence the European Union by making direct representations to the various institutions (Commission, Parliament, Council), and by ensuring trade union participation in numerous advisory bodies The European Works Councils Directive on information and consultation rights is among the most recent results of ETUC action. At the same time, the ETUC seeks to establish industrial relations with the employers at a European level through the ‘social dialogue’. This is mirrored by sectoral social dialogues under the responsibility of the European Industry Federations.
International Confederation of Free Trade Unions
|World Confederation of Labor (WCL)||http://www.cmt-wcl.org/en/index.html
The World Confederation of Labour (WCL) is an international trade union confederation uniting autonomous and democratic trade unions from 113 countries all over the world . Its head office is located in Brussels, Belgium, and it has over 26 million members, mainly from Third World countries. The past three years have been marked by the affiliation of mostly African and Central and Eastern European organisations. The latest Congress took place in Bangkok, Thailand (Asia), from 1st to the 6th of December 1997 under the theme of "Struggle to change course".
WCL has become a workers’ organisation that draws its inspiration from humanist, ethical and moral values and protects the interests of the workers, women and men alike, throughout the world. The WCL has also adopted an independent attitude towards governments, political parties, power blocs, religions and churches.
|World Directory of Trade Unions||http://www.cf.ac.uk/ccin/union/links.html
there are over 1500 links to international union organisations, national unions, locals and union resource sites in every continent.
Visit this site for more information on:
- Trade Union Resources on the Web
- Labour Movement News
- Schedule of Conferences, etc.
|Trade Union Advisory Committee - OECD||www.tuac.org
The Trade Union Advisory Committee (TUAC) to the OECD is an interface for labour unions with the OECD. It is an international trade union organisation which has consultative status with the OECD and its various committees. TUAC's role is now one of ensuring that global markets are balanced by an effective social dimension. Through regular consultations with various OECD committees, the secretariat, and member governments TUAC coordinates and represents the views of the trade union movement in the industrialized countries. It is also responsible for coordinating the trade union input to the annual G7 economic summits and employment conferences.
|Institute for Employment Research||http://www.warwick.ac.uk/ier/
The Institute for Employment Research is one of Europe's leading centres for research in the labour market field. Its work focuses upon the operation of labour markets and socio-economic processes related to employment and unemployment in the UK at national, regional and local levels. It includes comparative European research on employment and training.
The Institute offers a multi-disciplinary environment for research. Research methods include both quantitative and qualitative analytical techniques based upon primary or secondary data sources.
The Institute has excellent access to the wide range of survey data sources available in the UK and Europe. Econometric analysis of large datasets, survey-based sociological research, and studies using in-depth interviews are regularly employed.
|Business Ethics Resources on the WWW||
|UK Government's Social Exclusion Unit||http://www.dfee.gov.uk/jfa.pdf
The latest in the series of policy reports from the UK Government's Social Exclusion Unit has been released. Entitled 'Jobs for All', the report for Policy Action Team 1 addresses issues around employment and social exclusion. The report also includes an examination of the role transport and access to jobs plays in the equation and it makes a series of policy recommendation.
However, it is 186 pages long and takes several minutes to download and half a forest to print. For an abridged version of the report see http://www.art.man.ac.uk/transres/pat1.htm.
This details only the part of the report on mobility and access to jobs.
Descriptions have been taken and adapted from the web-sites linked to.
We commit ourselves to promoting the goal of full employment as a basic priority of our economic and social policies, and to enabling all men and women to attain secure and sustainable livelihoods through freely chosen productive employment and work.
To this end, at the national level, we will:
(a) Put the creation of employment, the reduction of unemployment and the promotion of appropriately and adequately remunerated employment at the centre of strategies and policies of Governments, with full respect for workers' rights and with the participation of employers, workers and their respective organizations, giving special attention to the problems of structural, long-term unemployment and underemployment of youth, women, people with disabilities, and all other disadvantaged groups and individuals;
(b) Develop policies to expand work opportunities and productivity in both rural and urban sectors by achieving economic growth, investing in human resource development, promoting technologies that generate productive employment, and encouraging self-employment, entrepreneurship, and small and medium-sized enterprises;
(c) Improve access to land, credit, information, infrastructure and other productive resources for small and micro-enterprises, including those in the informal sector, with particular emphasis on the disadvantaged sectors of society;
(d) Develop policies to ensure that workers and employers have the education, information and training needed to adapt to changing economic conditions, technologies and labour markets;
(e) Explore innovative options for employment creation and seek new approaches to generating income and purchasing power;
(f) Foster policies that enable people to combine their paid work with their family responsibilities;
(g) Pay particular attention to women's access to employment, the protection of their position in the labour market and the promotion of equal treatment of women and men, in particular with respect to pay;
(h) Take due account of the importance of the informal sector in our employment development strategies with a view to increasing its contribution to the eradication of poverty and to social integration in developing countries, and to strengthening its linkages with the formal economy;
(i) Pursue the goal of ensuring quality jobs, and safeguard the basic rights and interests of workers and to this end, freely promote respect for relevant International Labour Organization conventions, including those on the prohibition of forced and child labour, the freedom of association, the right to organize and bargain collectively, and the principle of non-discrimination.
At the international level, we will:
(j) Ensure that migrant workers benefit from the protections provided by relevant national and international instruments, take concrete and effective measures against the exploitation of migrant workers, and encourage all countries to consider the ratification and full implementation of the relevant international instruments on migrant workers;
(k) Foster international cooperation in macroeconomic policies, liberalization of trade and investment so as to promote sustained economic growth and the creation of employment, and exchange experiences on successful policies and programmes aimed at increasing employment and reducing unemployment.