10 Commitments

Go to www.geneva2000.org

Structural Adjustment Programmes (SAPs) 
(Commitment 8 from Copenhagen): 
Ensure that structural adjustment programmes include social development goals

Download the package of UN documents on structural adjustment programmes
TXT file (47 KB), ZIP file (15 KB)

International Agreements

UN Agencies & 
Intergov. Bodies reports




Indigenous Peoples

Religious Communities

Business & Industry

Trade Unions

Research, Education


Local Authorities


International Agreements

Commitment 8 from the Copenhagen Declaration on Social Development

Preparatory Committee for the Special Session of the General Assembly on the Implementation of the Outcome of the World Summit for Social Development, SOC/4513, 15 July 1999
Addressing commitment 8

World Summit on Social Development, Copenhagen 1995
Programme for Action of the World Summit for Social Development

Chapter III : Expansion of Productive Employment and Reduction of Unemployment
Section A the centrality of employment in policy formulation, point 49

Chapter IV : Social Integration; especially section C. Equality and social justice, point 74

Chapter V : Implementation and follow-up ; especially C: Mobilisation of financial resources, point 91, 92

Commission on Social Development (CsocDev)

Decision 4/14. Financial resources and mechanisms, point 18 (a)

Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, Earth Summit 1992:
Agenda 21:
Section I. Social and Economic Dimensions
Chapter 2: International Cooperation to Accelerate Sustainable development in developing Countries and Related Domestic Policies
Section A. Promoting sustainable development through trade, points 2.11, 2.12
Section D. Encouraging economic policies conducive to sustainable development, points 2.34

Chapter 3
. Combating Poverty
points 3.10 (e)

Chapter 24
. Global Action For Women Towards Sustainable and Equitable Development
Points 24.8 (b)

Section IV. Means of Implementation
Chapter 33. Financial Resources and Mechanisms, point 33.14
Chapter 36. Promoting Education, Public Awareness and Training, point 36.18

Human Rights Review
Section VII Rights of the Child, point 52

International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD), Cairo 1994
Chapter 3 : Interrelationships between Population, sustained Economic Growth and Sustainable Development
Section B. Population, sustained economic growth and poverty, point 3.22

Chapter 8: Health, Morbidity and Mortality
Section A. Primary health care and the health-care sector, point 8.2

Chapter 13 : National Action
Section C. Resource mobilization and allocation, point 13.12 

4th World Conference on Women
Chapter 1. Resolution 1. annex II - The Beijing Platform for Action
II. Global Framework
point 13

IV. Strategic Objectives and Actions
A. Women and poverty
point 47

IV. Strategic Objectives and Actions
C. Women and Health, point 91

Strategic objective A.1
point 58 (b)

Strategic objective A.4
point 67 (a)

Section F.
Women and the Economy, point 151

Strategic objective F.4
, point 175 (b)

Strategic objective F.5
, point 178 (e)

Habitat II Conference, Istanbul 1996
Habitat Agenda
Istanbul Declaration on Human Settlements
Chapter III. Commitments
B. Sustainable human settlements, point 43 (w)

Chapter IV: Global Plan of Action
C. Sustainable human settlements development in an urbanizing world.
9. Improving Urban Economies, point 162

E. International Cooperation and coordination
3. Financial resources and economic instruments, point 204 (d).

F. Implementation and follow-up of the Habitat Agenda
Part 3. Implementation at the international level, point 236

UN Commissions

Commission on the Status of Women 1992
Resolution 36/5. Women and development
point 10

Chapter IV. Priority Themes
B. Development
1. Integration of women in the process of development
Point 81


UN Agencies & Intergovernmental Bodies reports

NGO Documents

OneWorld Directory http://www.oneworld.org/guides/sap/index.html
Directory of organisations and documents concerned with Structural Adjustment Programmes
oneworld.net's guides aim to challenge and inform, questioning assumptions and suggesting alternatives on the subjects that really matter


Halifax Initiative Canada http://www.web.net/~halifax/index.htm
The Halifax Initiative is a coalition of environment, development, social justice and faith groups deeply concerned about the policies and practices of the international financial institutions and committed to their fundamental reform. The Halifax Initiative has established itself as the Canadian presence for public interest advocacy and education on international financial institutional reform. The coalition's work is currently focused on the issues of multilateral debt relief, World Bank energy policy and practice and international currency speculation.
Visit sections on: Structural Adjustment


Third World Network http://www.twnside.org.sg/title/sap-ch.htm
Paper on Economic recession, structural adjustment and health
Reports and studies from a number of sources including government health ministries, UNICEF, non-government agencies and even sections of the World Bank, point to significant welfare reversals over the past decade in many countries implementing structural adjustment programmes (SAPs). These reports are contradicted by the World Bank's 1993 World Development Report which maintains that adjusting is more beneficial to health and welfare than non-adjustment, and that any negative impact is limited and temporary. The following statement from the International People's Health Council (IPHC) and the Third World Network outlines the process whereby SAPs are likely to affect health, summarises the empirical evidence for such effects, draws conclusions about the impact of SAPs on health and makes recommendations regarding their future application.


SAPRIN www.igc.apc.org/dgap/saprin/index.html
Structural Adjustment Participatory Review International Network
Standing up to structural adjustment


World Development Movement "Barrier to pro-poor policies" (26th June 2000)
Full report available at http://www.wdm.org.uk/presrel/current/PRSPcritique.htm 

The International Monetary Fund's (IMF) new Poverty Reduction Strategies are acting as barriers to policies benefiting the world's poorest people. The report, written for WDM by Ghanaian economist, Charles Abugre, comes as governments meet in Geneva for the UN Social Summit+5. Five years ago in Copenhagen, the first UN Social Summit recognised the harmful effects of IMF Structural Adjustment Programmes (SAPs) and called for reforms to ensure that poverty reduction, not blind economic growth, was placed at the centre of IMF policies. "Still SAPping the Poor: A Critique of IMF Poverty Reduction Strategies" examines the IMF's successor to SAPs, the Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers. It looks at the IMF's claims that PRSPs (which are a condition of debt relief) have poverty reduction at their core and are written by governments in consultation with their population. It finds both claims to be false and concludes that PRSPs are a significant "barrier to pro-poor policies". 




CSD NGO Women's Caucus Effects of Structural Adjustment on Women and the Poor
Position Papers: Finance & Trade





Indigenous Peoples


Religious Communities


Business & Industry


Trade Unions


Research, Education




Local Authorities



Descriptions have been taken and adapted from the web-sites linked to.



Commitment 8: Structural Adjustment Programmes

We commit ourselves to ensuring that when structural adjustment programmes are agreed to they include social development goals, in particular eradicating poverty, promoting full and productive employment, and enhancing social integration.

To this end, at the national level, we will:

(a) Promote basic social programmes and expenditures, in particular those affecting the poor and the vulnerable segments of society, and protect them from budget reductions, while increasing the quality and effectiveness of social expenditures;

(b) Review the impact of structural adjustment programmes on social development, including, where appropriate, by means of gender-sensitive social impact assessments and other relevant methods, in order to develop policies to reduce their negative effects and improve their positive impact; the cooperation of international financial institutions in the review could be requested by interested countries;

(c) Promote, in the countries with economies in transition, an integrated approach to the transformation process, addressing the social consequences of reforms and human resource development needs;

(d) Reinforce the social development components of all adjustment policies and programmes, including those resulting from the globalization of markets and rapid technological change, by designing policies to promote more equitable and enhanced access to income and resources;

(e) Ensure that women do not bear a disproportionate burden of the transitional costs of such processes.

At the international level, we will:

(f) Work to ensure that multilateral development banks and other donors complement adjustment lending with enhanced targeted social development investment lending;

(g) Strive to ensure that structural adjustment programmes respond to the economic and social conditions, concerns and needs of each country;

(h) Enlist the support and cooperation of regional and international organizations and the United Nations system, in particular the Bretton Woods institutions, in the design, social management and assessment of structural adjustment policies, and in implementing social development goals and integrating them into their policies, programmes and operations.


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