10 Commitments

Go to www.geneva2000.org

Africa and Least Developed Countries 

(Commitment 2 from Copenhagen):

Accelerate the development of Africa and the least developed countries

Download the package of UN documents on Africa & LDCs 
TXT file (   KB), ZIP file (   KB)

International Agreements

UN Agencies & 
Intergov. Bodies reports




Indigenous Peoples

Religious Communities

Business & Industry

Trade Unions

Research, Education


Local Authorities


International Agreements

Commitment 7 from the Copenhagen Declaration on Social Development

UN Agencies & Intergovernmental Bodies reports

United Nations System-wide Special Initiative on Africa (SIA) http://www.un.org/Depts/eca/sia/
The United Nations System-wide Special Initiative on Africa (SIA), launched in March, 1996, singled out Africa's key advancement challenges and enlisted international community assistance in meeting them through coordinated development commitments. The SIA's key programmes have been devised for implementation within 13 development clusters. For each programme cluster, specific leadership roles are taken by agencies around the UN system, including the Bretton Woods Institutions. SIA is different from earlier undertakings in Africa because it seeks to muster indispensable backing for Africa-determined priorities and efforts, and secure pledged international commitment towards Africa determined goals as reflected in the Cairo Plan of Action on Re-launching Africa's Economic and Social Development. The Cairo Plan was adopted by the OAU Heads of State Summit in 1995


Africa News Online http://www.africanews.org/specials/unafrica.html
United Nations and Africa


Africa Recovery Online http://www.un.org/ecosocdev/geninfo/afrec/
UN Publication


Economic Commission for Africa




Africa regional office




Africa goes online


Gambia leads 12 African countries on the information highway
In Africa, cyberspace looks like a good place to start solving age-old problems by leapfrogging outdated communications systems. Through an Internet Initiative for Africa supported by the United Nations Development Programme, Gambia has become the first of 12 countries south of the Sahara to go online. It is tapping local knowledge, as well as international expertise, to fight poverty.
Africa needs to master today's computer technology if it is to compete in the global marketplace. Although Africa has the potential for enormous wealth from its natural resources, two fifths of its 620 million people live on less than $2 per day. Through its Internet Initiative for Africa (IIA), the United Nations Development Programme aims to "leapfrog" old communications systems to link 12 countries south of the Sahara with each other and with other continents via the Internet.


World Bank Middle East and North Africa Region http://www.worldbank.org/html/extdr/offrep/mena/mena.htm
World Bank's MNA mission is to help the governments and peoples of the Middle East and North Africa to achieve a rapid, equitable and sustainable economic growth that will be the best guarantor of broad-based prosperity and poverty reduction in the years to come. We believe that realizing this vision involves Bank support for countries' efforts in a range of priority areas.
Bank assistance in these and other areas needs is undertaken on the basis of a partnership approach, founded on a transparent policy dialogue and a participatory operational process, working closely with counterparts at all levels in member countries--public officials, businesspeople and academics, beneficiary and local community groups, and civil society as a whole.
Key Issues: - Human Development
                  - Microfinance


World Bank Sub-Saharan Africa Region http://www.worldbank.org/html/extdr/offrep/afr/afr.htm
The World Bank Group in Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa will be the most important development challenge of the 21st century. As the millennium approaches, five years of steady growth in Africa have fostered economic revival in several countries, after decades of stagnation. In 1998, economic growth was less strong - at around 3.6%, compared to 4.6% in 1997 and 4.9% in 1996 - largely as a result of the Asian crisis.
Key Issues: Gender / Human Development & AIDS
Sub-Saharan African Transport System



NGO Documents

Directory of Websites on Africa International Crisis Group (ICG)
go to Internet Resources at the bottom of the Homepage

Popular perceptions of Africa can be misleading, not least due to the lack of news coverage of events on the continent and a scarcity of publications and other sources of information. With this problem in mind, the International Crisis Group has compiled a directory of over two hundred of the best Web sites containing information on Africa.


Africa Policy Information Center (APIC) http://www.africapolicy.org/index.shtml
The Africa Policy Information Center (APIC) is a non-profit organization dedicated to providing accessible information and analysis on African issues, in order to foster international policies toward the continent that advance development, human rights and social justice.
APIC works to democratize international policy debates that affect Africa by:
  • dentifying critical policy issues;
  • bringing to the international policy arena diverse perspectives from Africa and the global Africa-interested community;
  • disseminating information and analyses to public constituencies;
  • identifying strategic opportunities for action on key issues

Country-Specific data links for different regions

Visit this site for information on policy themes on:

  • Economy and Development
  • Democracy and Human Rights
  • Peace and Security


UN-NADAF NGO Trade Paper http://www.africapolicy.org/unnadaf/mt9609-2.html
Background Paper Number 2,
NGO Forum, UN-NADAF Mid Term Review,
September 13-14, 1996
Globalisation and Trade by Rudo Chitiga


The Association for Progressive Communications http://www.apc.org
APC Africa Members and partners in Africa work locally and regionally to interpret APC's programmes in the region. Strengthening indigenous information sharing and independent networking capacity on the continent are key priorities.
APC Members in West Africa
APC Members in South Africa
Recent Activities: 
APC networks in Africa and the APC Member and Partner Services Director attended the 1999 African Development Forum, the first on the theme "The Challenge to Africa of Globalisation and the Information Age" and collaborated in the drafting of "Recommendations for Effective Participation of Civil Society in the Information Age".
The African Development Forum is an initiative led by the Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) to establish an African-driven development agenda that reflects a consensus among major partners and that leads to specific programmes for country implementation.


African Rights http://www.unimondo.org/AfricanRights
African Rights is an organization dedicated to working on issues of grave human rights abuses, conflict, famine and civil reconstruction in Africa. The motivation for setting up African Rights is an awareness of the limitations upon existing human rights, humanitarian and conflict resolution approaches to Africa's most pressing problems. The United States/United Nations military occupation of much of Somalia has dramatically highlighted the shortcomings of current international approaches to problems of famine and war.

International Committee of the Red Cross http://www.icrc.org/eng/africa
ICRC's operations in Africa


EcoNews Africa
EcoNews Africa is an NGO initiative that analyses global environment and development  issues from an African perspective and reports on local, national, and regional activities that contribute to global solutions.



OneWorld Edition http://www.oneworld.net/outlook/africa/index.html
OneWorld Africa edition, featuring stories from a whole array of Africa-based NGOs on human rights and sustainable development




The Africa regional programme of APC's Women's Networking Support Programme (APC WNSP). APC-Africa-Women gathers and works together with women and women's organizations in Africa and all over the world, focusing on African women's empowerment through Information Facilitation, Regional Support, Policy and Advocacy, Training and Research in the field of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs).

The work of APC-Africa-Women is featured on the these Websites:

Flame/Flamme - A network of African sisters online committed to strengthening the capacity of women through the use of ICTs to lobby, advocate and participate in the Beijing +5 process regionally and globally. This is a bilingual English/French resource.
Women'sNet, South Africa
Famafrique - An information and resource space for French speaking African Women working for sustainable development.


The African Gender Institute (AGI), South Africa http://www.uct.ac.za/org/agi/
The AGI's Mission is to build intellectual capacity and establishing an African resource dedicated to strengthening and advancing the work of intellectuals, researchers, policy-makers and practitioners committed to the attainment of gender equity. The website provides information about programmes and projects, newsletters, papers and reports and current AGI events.


African Women Global Network (AWOGNet), USA, http://www.osu.edu/org/awognet/main.html
AWOGNet is concerned with networking of women’s organisations in Africa concerned with the improvement of living conditions of women and children. African Women Global Network (AWOGNet) is a global organization that networks all men and women, organizations, institutions and indigenous national organizations within Africa, whose activities are targeted towards the improvement of the living conditions of women and children in Africa.





Indigenous Peoples


Religious Communities


Business & Industry


Trade Unions


Research, Education

The African Academy of Science


The AAS was started in 1985 as a continent-wide, professional, non-political and non-profit scientists organisation. It was established with the aim of developing into a pan-Africa forum to champion science - led development in Africa. To this end it strives to be a citadel of learning, discovering and innovation so that Africans can access new independent and unbiased ideas. The Centre has developed a vigorous programme of activities that include Networking, Publication, Policy, Research and Capacity Building in Science and Technology. These programmes are provided under five broad programme areas.




African Governments on the Web http://www.gksoft.com/govt/en/africa.html
Visit this site for a list of country-specific
  • National Institutions
  • Regional Institutions
  • Representations in Foreign Countries
  • Political Parties
  • Additional Information


Local Authorities


Descriptions have been taken and adapted from the web-sites linked to.


Commitment 7: Africa and Least Developed Countries

We commit ourselves to accelerating the economic, social and human resource development of Africa and the least developed countries.

To this end, we will:

(a) Implement, at the national level, structural adjustment policies, which should include social development goals, as well as effective development strategies that establish a more favourable climate for trade and investment, give priority to human resource development and further promote the development of democratic institutions;

(b) Support the domestic efforts of Africa and the least developed countries to implement economic reforms, programmes to increase food security, and commodity diversification efforts through international cooperation, including South-South cooperation and technical and financial assistance, as well as trade and partnership;

(c) Find effective, development-oriented and durable solutions to external debt problems, through the immediate implementation of the terms of debt forgiveness agreed upon in the Paris Club in December 1994, which encompass debt reduction, including cancellation or other debt-relief measures; invite the international financial institutions to examine innovative approaches to assist low-income countries with a high proportion of multilateral debt, with a view to alleviating their debt burdens; and develop techniques of debt conversion applied to social development programmes and projects in conformity with Summit priorities. These actions should take into account the mid-term review of the United Nations New Agenda for the Development of Africa in the 1990s 17/ and the Programme of Action for the Least Developed Countries for the 1990s, 18/ and should be implemented as soon as possible;

(d) Ensure the implementation of the strategies and measures for the development of Africa decided by the international community, and support the reform efforts, development strategies and programmes decided by the African countries and the least developed countries;

(e) Increase official development assistance, both overall and for social programmes, and improve its impact, consistent with countries' economic circumstances and capacities to assist, and consistent with commitments in international agreements;

(f) Consider ratifying the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification, Particularly in Africa, 19/ and support African countries in the implementation of urgent action to combat desertification and mitigate the effects of drought;

(g) Take all necessary measures to ensure that communicable diseases, particularly HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis, do not restrict or reverse the progress made in economic and social development.


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