The Fourth World Conference on Women
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Chapter 1: Resolutions Adopted by the Conference
Resolution 1. Annex II - The Beijing Platform for Action
VI. Financial Arrangements
A. National level
B. Regional level
C. International level
345. Financial and human resources have generally been insufficient for
the advancement of women. This has contributed to the slow progress to date in
implementing the Nairobi Forward-looking Strategies for the Advancement of Women. Full and
effective implementation of the Platform for Action, including the relevant commitments
made at previous United Nations summits and conferences, will require a political
commitment to make available human and financial resources for the empowerment of women.
This will require the integration of a gender perspective in budgetary decisions on
policies and programmes, as well as the adequate financing of specific programmes for
securing equality between women and men. To implement the Platform for Action, funding
will need to be identified and mobilized from all sources and across all sectors. The
reformulation of policies and reallocation of resources may be needed within and among
programmes, but some policy changes may not necessarily have financial implications.
Mobilization of additional resources, both public and private, including resources from
innovative sources of funding, may also be necessary.
346. The primary responsibility for implementing the strategic objectives
of the Platform for Action rests with Governments. To achieve these objectives,
Governments should make efforts to systematically review how women benefit from public
sector expenditures; adjust budgets to ensure equality of access to public sector
expenditures, both for enhancing productive capacity and for meeting social needs; and
achieve the gender-related commitments made in other United Nations summits and
conferences. To develop successful national implementation strategies for the Platform for
Action, Governments should allocate sufficient resources, including resources for
undertaking gender-impact analysis. Governments should also encourage non-governmental
organizations and private-sector and other institutions to mobilize additional resources.
347. Sufficient resources should be allocated to national machineries for
the advancement of women as well as to all institutions, as appropriate, that can
contribute to the implementation and monitoring of the Platform for Action.
348. Where national machineries for the advancement of women do not yet
exist or where they have not yet been established on a permanent basis, Governments should
strive to make available sufficient and continuing resources for such machineries.
349. To facilitate the implementation of the Platform for Action,
Governments should reduce, as appropriate, excessive military expenditures and investments
for arms production and acquisition, consistent with national security requirements.
350. Non-governmental organizations, the private sector and other actors
of civil society should be encouraged to consider allocating the resources necessary for
the implementation of the Platform for Action. Governments should create a supportive
environment for the mobilization of resources by non-governmental organizations,
particularly women's organizations and networks, feminist groups, the private sector and
other actors of civil society, to enable them to contribute towards this end. The capacity
of non-governmental organizations in this regard should be strengthened and enhanced.
351. Regional development banks, regional business associations and other
regional institutions should be invited to contribute to and help mobilize resources in
their lending and other activities for the implementation of the Platform for Action. They
should also be encouraged to take account of the Platform for Action in their policies and
352. The subregional and regional organizations and the United Nations
regional commissions should, where appropriate and within their existing mandates, assist
in the mobilization of funds for the implementation of the Platform for Action.
353. Adequate financial resources should be committed at the international
level for the implementation of the Platform for Action in the developing countries,
particularly in Africa and the least developed countries. Strengthening national
capacities in developing countries to implement the Platform for Action will require
striving for the fulfilment of the agreed target of 0.7 per cent of the gross national
product of developed countries for overall official development assistance as soon as
possible, as well as increasing the share of funding for activities designed to implement
the Platform for Action. Furthermore, countries involved in development cooperation should
conduct a critical analysis of their assistance programmes so as to improve the quality
and effectiveness of aid through the integration of a gender approach.
354. International financial institutions, including the World Bank, the
International Monetary Fund, the International Fund for Agricultural Development and the
regional development banks, should be invited to examine their grants and lending and to
allocate loans and grants to programmes for implementing the Platform for Action in
developing countries, especially in Africa and the least developed countries.
355. The United Nations system should provide technical cooperation and
other forms of assistance to the developing countries, in particular in Africa and the
least developed countries, in implementing the Platform for Action.
356. Implementation of the Platform for Action in the countries with
economies in transition will require continued international cooperation and assistance.
The organizations and bodies of the United Nations system, including the technical and
sectoral agencies, should facilitate the efforts of those countries in designing and
implementing policies and programmes for the advancement of women. To this end, the
International Monetary Fund and the World Bank should be invited to assist those efforts.
357. The outcome of the World Summit for Social Development regarding debt
management and reduction as well as other United Nations world summits and conferences
should be implemented in order to facilitate the realization of the objectives of the
Platform for Action.
358. To facilitate implementation of the Platform for Action, interested
developed and developing country partners, agreeing on a mutual commitment to allocate, on
average, 20 per cent of official development assistance and 20 per cent of the national
budget to basic social programmes should take into account a gender perspective.
359. Development funds and programmes of the United Nations system should
undertake an immediate analysis of the extent to which their programmes and projects are
directed to implementing the Platform for Action and, for the next programming cycle,
should ensure the adequacy of resources targeted towards eliminating disparities between
women and men in their technical assistance and funding activities.
360. Recognizing the roles of United Nations funds, programmes and
specialized agencies, in particular the special roles of UNIFEM and INSTRAW, in the
promotion of the empowerment of women, and therefore in the implementation of the Platform
for Action within their respective mandates, inter alia, in research, training and
information activities for the advancement of women as well as technical and financial
assistance to incorporate a gender perspective in development efforts, the resources
provided by the international community need to be sufficient and should be maintained at
an adequate level.
361. To improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the United Nations
system in its efforts to promote the advancement of women and to enhance its capacity to
further the objectives of the Platform for Action, there is a need to renew, reform and
revitalize various parts of the United Nations system, especially the Division for the
Advancement of Women of the United Nations Secretariat, as well as other units and
subsidiary bodies that have a specific mandate to promote the advancement of women. In
this regard, relevant governing bodies within the United Nations system are encouraged to
give special consideration to the effective implementation of the Platform for Action and
to review their policies, programmes, budgets and activities in order to achieve the most
effective and efficient use of funds to this end. Allocation of additional resources from
within the United Nations regular budget in order to implement the Platform for Action
will also be necessary.
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