Ideas for collaborative stakeholder action plans on freshwater currently under development and discussion include the ones listed below. For more detailed information and if you are interested to join into partnerships on these issues, please contact Irene Gerlach (firstname.lastname@example.org).
After much consultation with a large number of stakeholders, governments and agencies, the different stakeholders were in general keen to pursue the idea of Best Practice and Replication of Renewable Energy Programmes as the main focus at the Implementation Conference. There was also a strong view from some stakeholders that focusing just on renewables was not realistic and that this should be about providing an energy service in the most sustainable way to meet the needs of the 2 billion without current access, and that energy need to be seen as a service provider rather than a technology solution.
Solar Best Practice Programmes
The MSIP Project is based on the islands of Mindanao, Luzon and Visayas in the Philippines, which takes a holistic approach to poverty reduction through the use of Solar Energy. Its target is the rural villages of Mindanao, which consists of 7 provinces, 47 municipalities and approximate 400 Barangays (villages), which has impacted 500,000 people. The cost of the project was $27 million, with the major stakeholders being the Department of the Interior and Local Government; AusAID and EFIC; BP Solar and the Filipino community.
The Project provides the following:
An important part of this project is the training component. The training facility is in Cebu and consists of 16 advanced teams in the field who have already been trained.
The Barefoot Solar Programme: This programme is based in India in Assam, Bihar, Sikkim, Ladhak, Madhyar Pradesh and Ultranchal, funded by UNDP and the EU. It focuses on solar lighting, and has grassroots and people oriented approach. The focus is training the local villagers in installation and maintenance. This project has potential because the approach to promoting solar in villages is a community based, participatory one. The project has the potential to be improved to have a much wider economic and social impact if it was to include more than just solar lighting, and was also increased on a geographical scale.
Solar Cookers Programme: Trinidad & Tobago: Hazel Brown of the Women's NGO Network in Trinidad and Tobago is trying to raise awareness of the potential of solar energy. Their focus to date has been in relation to solar cookers and solar dryers. Hazel and the Group have done extensive practical research in solar cookers and solar cooking and have found the most efficient and effective cooker to be a South African model, which costs $25. From the use of the solar cookers and solar dryers, spin off industries have been born, in terms of marketing their produce and also making the solar cookers themselves.
It is anticipated that there will be a wide representation of key stakeholders from the NGOs and Women Groups, including ENERGIA, ENDA Senegal, CUTS India, business, SMEs, Local Authorities, Trade Unions, Indigenous Groups, Farmers, and Intergovernmental Organisations. Additional potential partners for these Action Plans will be identified within the next two weeks.
Best Practice Micro-Hydro
This Action Plan is being championed by the NGO Intermediate Technology Development Group (ITDG), current best practice in relation to best practice Micro-hydro, using Kenya as the case study.
ITDG are a well-respected NGO and have carried out a number of successful projects. Their projects involve full community consultation and participation, training and income generation. They receive funding from various sources, such as UNDP and DFID. ITDG work in various countries such as Sri Lanka, Peru and Kenya. They have chosen Kenya to be the example of best practice.
The purpose of this Action Plan is to promote the use of Micro and Pico-Hydro as a successful modern small scale-decentralised energy supply for mainly remote areas in developing countries.
Best Practice Biomass
Looking at case studies in Kenya, Namibia and others, in relation to biomass best practice using more energy efficient stoves and reducing indoor air pollution. One of the case study’s is the Upesi Stoves Project in Kenya which was developed by the Ministry of Agriculture in Kenya, ITDG, and GTZ. The Upesi Stoves project involves mainly women’s groups where the women have manufactured the stoves which has enabled the different communities to diversify their skills and to master a new technology. It has also created income generation and job creation through the commercialisation of this project. The project’s main aim is improving the quality of live of poor households in rural West Kenya, reducing the dependence of biomass fuels and increasing their access to appropriate energy saving technology options. The stove is designed to burn wood, although it can also burn crop waste, such as maize stalks and cobs and animal dung. It also uses 40 percent less fuel than traditional open fires and produces 60 per cent less smoke.
The other case study is the Namibia Programme of Biomass Energy Conserviation (ProBEC). This case study was commissioned by GTZ ProBEC, the regional programme for Biomass Energy Conservation in Southern Africa. The aims are to strengthen the integration of biomass energy conservation programme into national policies and to improve the quality of life by enabling the poor rural and urban communities to meet their own energy needs in the most socio-economic and environmental sustainable way. The gender integration biomass energy programmes in Southern Africa were developed also with the Southern African Gender and Energy Network (SAGEN), and ENERGIA.
The participants in this workshop will include such organisations, ENERGIA, ITDG, ENDA, WHO CUTS.
Best Practice Assessment
What are the real social, economic and environmental benefits from renewable energy on poor communities?
ENDA Senegal and CUTS India, with the contribution from various other stakeholder groups, to draw up an extensive criteria to really look at the social, economic and environmental impact of different renewable energy projects across the two regions. The purpose then would be to get some funding to support a piece of research using that criteria to assess these different renewable energy projects and do a comparison across the region. This piece of research then could be used to help identify other best practice programmes that have the potential to be replicated. This information would be accessible by all stakeholders.
Again the key stakeholders who are to be involved in this Action Plan will be decided within the next two weeks. Interested parties include ENDA, CUTS, and ENERGIA.
Local Communities and Extraction Activities
How Local Communities can benefit from oil & gas extraction in the Developing World, by using the Shetland Isles as a centre for best practice and using community-to-community exchanges.
A recent comparative study of petro-states has concluded that “natural resource endowment has not been positively correlated with economic development and social progress. Rather the contrary, international statistics show that countries rich in natural resources have had a performance which is markedly poorer than those countries that have possessed little natural resources.” (Bergeson and Haughland, 2000).
Shetland appears to be a notable exception to this phenomenon in securing at a local level advantage for the entire community from social investment from oil revenues. The investment in social capital made possible in Shetland as a result of a locally brokered deal with oil companies, offers a potential model for direct support for community development. The Shetland model of a social investment fund is not a substitute for central government responsibilities for financing basic services, but is additional and complementary to this - allowing for the direct resourcing of community based organisations.
This concept is currently being developed for launch at the Implementation Conference. This will be a small working group of selected stakeholders.
Interested parties include the Unst Partnership (Shetland Isles), EarthRights, NGOs from Angola, Environmental Rights Action, Nigeria, and others.
The Possible Replication of the Eco-Village Concept of Development
This Action Plan will be championed through the International Institute of Sustainable Future and Globel Ecovillage Network (GEN).
The purpose is to use the Eco-Yoff and GEN Senegal Programme of Action as a case study and look at how to strengthen the capacity of African ecovillages to promote sustainable livelihoods and reduce environmental degradation. Areas of focus will be:
As this is a cross sectoral Action Plan, their will be a wide range of stakeholders will be participating in this workshop, including IISF, GEN, GEF, the World Bank, the Ministry of Environment in Senegal, and other stakeholders.
Global Village Energy Partnership (GVEP)
"The Global Village Energy Partnership (GVEP) seeks to reduce poverty and enhance sustainable development through the accelerated provision of modern energy services to those unserved or underserved. GVEP will bring together developing and industrialized country governments, public and private organizations, multilateral institutions, and other key stakeholders to make electricity services and clean liquid and gaseous fuels more available to people living in rural, peri-urban, and urban areas as a means to support sustainable development in an environmentally sound and cost-effective manner. GVEP provides a means to achieving the internationally agreed to Millennium Development Goals contained in the United Nations Millennium Declaration as well the goals of Agenda 21. This partnership initiative is expected to produce concrete delivery mechanisms to increase the number of people with access to affordable, reliable and clean energy services." (USAID / UNDP / World Bank, May 2002)
The IC team is supporting the development of the GVEP through facilitation, input in terms of GVEPs internal governance structure, its stakeholder involvement mechanisms, and outreach to providing stakeholders.
The GVEP partners will hold working sessions at the IC, further developing the global level of the partnership as well as initiating the processes in the pilot countries which are being identified at the moment. A separate GVEP launch event with high publicity will be organised around the Summit, again with our support.
Partners include: World Bank, UNDP, USAID, Governments of the Netherlands, UK, Germany, South Africa, Brazil, ICLEI, and others.
GVEP website: www.gvep.org (online September)