Takes you back to our homepage Check out each governments national preparations around the world Links you to the Regional Preparatory Processes Links you to the Global Prep. Comms. as they happen Unravels www.earthsummit2002.org
A range of inter-active national review materials for governments & major groups Briefing papers on the key issues along with toolkits of information The archive of our monthly online newsletter, Network 2002 Arranged by majorgroup - links of the key players Our supporting partners from around the world
Stakeholder Forum's main event for Earth Summit 2002... An information resource for Multi-Stakeholder Processes Maps out the Sustainable Development agenda from Rio to Johannesburg An archive of every major decision and agreement on the Sustainable Development agenda Toolkits for each of the major UN Global Summits


Sustainable tourism is “tourism which leads to management of all resources in such a way that economic, social and aesthetic needs can be fulfilled while maintaining cultural integrity, essential ecological processes, biological diversity and life support systems.” World Tourism Organisation 1996

This paper presents a background to some of the most pressing global and regional impacts issues around tourism and travel. It outlines some strategies to try make the industry more sustainable.

Sustainable Tourism: Turning the Tide - Pdf format. 

Sustainable Tourism: Turning the Tide - Rich text format.

Other Resources

Click for links on the following 




Agenda 21

  • Agenda 21 for the Travel & Tourism Industry: Towards Environmentally Sustainable Development (1996) World Travel and Tourism Council, World Tourism Organization and the Earth Council. http://www.wttc.org/stratdev/agenda21.asp

  • Chairman’s summary of the dialogue segment on tourism and sustainable development at CSD7. ECOSOC (1999) www.un.org/esa/sustdev/tsout.htm

  • Discussion paper contributed by the World Travel and Tourism Council and the International Hotel and Restaurant Association “The Global Importance of Tourism”. Multi-Stakeholder dialogue on tourism and sustainable development. CSD 7 Background Paper no 1. ECOSOC (1999) www.un.org/esa/sustdev/wttc.pdf

  • Discussion paper contributed by the ICFTU & TUAC. “Workers and Trade Unions in the Web of Tourism”.  Multi-Stakeholder dialogue on tourism and sustainable development. CSD 7 Background Paper no 2. ECOSOC (1999)  www.un.org/esa/sustdev/icftu2.pdf

  • Discussion paper contributed by the ICLEI. Multi-Stakeholder dialogue on tourism and sustainable development. CSD 7 Background Paper no 3. ECOSOC (1999) http://www.un.org/esa/sustdev/iclei.pdf

  • Discussion paper contributed by the UNCSD NGO Steering Committee. “Sustainable Tourism: A Non-Governmental Organisation Perspective”. Multi-Stakeholder dialogue on tourism and sustainable development. CSD 7 Background Paper no 4. ECOSOC (1999) http://www.un.org/esa/sustdev/ngo4.pdf

Agreements at international meetings

(Back to top)


Coastal and Marine Environments

(Back to top)

Ecotourism (miscellaneous)

Ethics and Codes of Practice (see also Good Practice guidance)

(Back to top)

Employment and Economics

Exploitation/Human Rights

Gender & Tourism

(Back to top)

Good Practice Guidance and Accreditation Programme

Land-use planning and management for sustainable tourism


  • 2002 UN International Year of Mountains. Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO) – lead UN agency for International Year of Mountains.  http://www.mountains2002.org 

  • Alpine Convention, adopted in 1991, brought together all alpine countries to work together on mountain development and protection. http://www.mtnforum.org/resources/library/eurco91a.htm

  • High Summit Videoconference: Discussion of mountain ecology, culture and future developments. http://www.highsummit.org

  • International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) http://www.icimod.org

  • Mountain Voices, Oral Testimony Programme of the Panos Institute. http://www.mountainvoices.org  

  • Mountain Forum – a global network of experts working for the Global Mountain Summit – 29 Oct-2Nov 2002 at Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan. http://www.mntforum.org

  • UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre (WCMC): Co-ordinating an assessment of the ecological condition of mountain systems, to be known as Mountain Watch (GEF project) http://www.unep-wcmc.org

  • WWF Carpathian Ecoregion Initiative – a partnership of over 50 organisations promoting the Capathian Biodiversity Network of mountain protected areas, and strengthening the participation of local communities, private sector and NGOs. http://www.carpathians.org

(Back to top)

Networks and ICT



  • Practical strategies for pro-poor tourism - a collaborative research project of ODI, IIED and CRT www.propoortourism.org.uk

  • Pro-Poor Tourism strategies: making tourism work for the poor: a review of experience. Pro-Poor Tourism goes well beyond community tourism Ashley, C.; Roe, D.; Goodwin, H. / Pro-Poor Tourism, 2001 http://www.propoortourism.org.uk/ppt_report.pdf

  • Pro-Poor Tourism: Harnessing the World’s Largest Industry for the World’s Poor

  • Dilys Roe and Penny Urquhart Khanya. International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) (2001) http://www.iied.org/pdf/wssd_11_tourism_long.pdf

Resource protection and management (waste minimisation, recycling, energy conservation, water etc)

(Back to top)

Small Island Developing States (SIDS)

  • No island is an island’ Carlston Boucher in Our Planet, magazine of UNEP. Vol 10. Number 1. 1999 Tourism http://www.ourplanet.com

Statistics and Indicators

Training, education and public awareness

  • GREEN GLOBE travel and tourism videos. http://www.greenglobe21.com

  • International Ecotourism Society operates training programmes for operators in ecotourism sector. http://www.ecotourism.org 

  • Tourism Concern http://www.tourismconcern.org

  • US National Wildlife Federation: produces materials to help teachers of outdoor ethics develop skills to transfer their knowledge to individual visitors. Mainly text-based publications including Teaching and Evaluating Outdoor Ethics Education Programmes http://www.nwf.org

Transport and Sustainable Tourism

(Back to top)

Last up-dated August 2001 

If you would like your link included here, please send a request to rgardiner@earthsummit2002.org