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of Answers to UNED-UK's Questionnaire for WSSD+5

and NGO Statements & Position Papers from the 2nd PrepCom

Minu Hemmati & Jasmin Enayati, June 2000


The present document aims to summarise the outcomes of a questionnaire exercise and the analysis of NGO position papers and statements at the 2nd PrepCom for the 5 year review of the World Summit on Social Development to be held in Geneva, 26-30 June 2000.

UNED-UK developed a questionnaire for WSSD+5 in order to gather information about the major concerns and goals that NGOs and other stakeholders have with regard to the outcomes and follow-up of WSSD+5. The questionnaire also included questions on the relative importance of some of the issues under discussion, the future of the UN Commission on Social Development, and the regions and areas respondents are working in. It contained open questions, questions asking for approval / disapproval, and a ranking of importance. The questionnaire was distributed in May/June via our contact list, some relevant list servers, and UNED-UK's web-site for WSSD+5 ( Copies were also distributed at the Beijing+5 Conference in New York, 6-9 June 2000. The sample of responding organisations (see Annex I) is not representative but contains a good number of respondents (n= 39) and a mix of international, developed and developing country NGOs and other stakeholders. The sample also includes some organisations who are not directly involved in the WSSD+5 process but in other UN processes. This summary presents the information provided by respondents, in their own words (except for minor language editing) and without excluding any.

We also looked at NGO position papers and statements made at the 2nd PrepCom for WSSD+5, held in New York in April 2000 (see Annex II). Contents pertaining to concerns and goals for WSSD+5 and beyond were added to the information obtained via the open questions in the questionnaire.

The information summarised here offers by no means a complete picture. Also, NGOs and other stakeholder groups will further develop their positions and suggestions regarding the draft WSSD+5 outcome document before and during the Special Session. However, we believe that the information gathered in the present document will be of interest for all delegates attending the General Assembly Special Session.

Minu Hemmati & Jasmin Enayati, UNED-UK, 3 Whitehall Court, London SW1A 2EL, UK
Tel +44 20 7839 7171, +44 20 79305893, Email





A. What should be achieved at Copenhagen+5

B. What should be achieved beyond Copenhagen+5

C. What should be achieved for Earth Summit 2002 (Rio+10)

D. Importance of issues being discussed at Copenhagen+5

E. Major concerns and goals regarding the draft document

(incl. suggested amendments)

F. The future of the Commission on Social Development

G. About the respondents to the questionnaire

Involvement in the WSSD+5 preparatory process

Issue areas the organisations are working on

Regions where they work

Stakeholder groups represented

Annex I: Questionnaire Respondents

Annex II: NGO Statements & Position Papers
from the 2nd PrepCom, April 2000




A. What should be achieved at Copenhagen+5

(Questionnaire & NGO Position Papers)


Poverty eradication & resources

Acknowledge global responsibility and the right to development

Acknowledge that deep poverty is an unacceptable infringement on the basic human rights.

Recognize that poverty, as defined by the UN CSocD, is in itself a violation of the social, economic and cultural rights of the affected populations, and that people living in poverty are more prone to be victims of violations of their civil and political rights.

Reduce and eventually eliminate poverty; an option for the eradication of extreme poverty

Achieve greater world solidarity about the problem of third world poverty; commit to economic justice

Poverty eradication (or significant alleviation) through proper channelling of/or access to financial resources for sound local economic initiatives in the poorest regions of the world.

Achieve a global compact for social development, synthesising "shaping the 21st century", PRSPs, bilateral programs and national policies of North and South

Involve all nations participating in the Geneva Summit in a binding Convention to eradicate poverty

Establish a legally binding convention to end world poverty

Strengthen the legal basis of existing human rights treaties and conventions, and initiate a process to establish a Convention to Eradicate Poverty

Establish an Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee to prepare a Convention to Eradicate Poverty

Continued recognition of the importance of equitable social development with financial commitments to the countries in transition

Embed 20/20 initiative in macro policies and aid programs

Agree on anti-poverty pact; agree the 7 targets and 7 actions of the anti-Poverty-Pact proposed by ICSW. The 7 targets should become the International Development Targets adopted by the OECD for achievement by 2015, to be adopted by the World Bank, the IMF and the WTO. Implementation would be coordinated and monitored by ECOSOC.

Raise the level of ODA; increase ODA

Identify the levels of resources required for the implementation of commitments made, with at least 50% of ODA being invested in social sectors. The importance of the UN Conference on Finance and Development needs to be recognised.

Reverse the decline of ODA; eg in a time-bound commitment to fulfil the agreed target of 0.7 % of GNP as soon as possible, and at least 0.5 % by no later than 2005.

Build an international fund for the support of real social/economic development projects

Consider proposals made by the NGO Forum such as the three point plan proposed by ICSW

Cut military expenditures

Implement programs to build capacity in the poor, that will promote their empowerment and self organization

Implement programs helping to make societies look differently at the poor, realising their resourcefulness and their will to pull out of misery.

Support the poor to reach a certain level of autonomy and empowerment without which they cannot but remain marginalized and permanently assisted.

Ensure the legal access of the poor to the sharing of the land and other productive resources

Assist the developing countries in improving their collection and analysis of poverty related data, which are necessary for formulation in poverty reduction policies

Recognize and address the unique and specific issues of poverty in the North


Finance, trade & globalisation

Acknowledge emerging issues such as globalisation

Ensure that the benefits of globalization be spread more evenly

The Geneva 2000 declaration must give some perspective on how the international community intends to create financial stability and deal with problems caused by the movement of speculative capital and portfolio investment.

Restructure the global financial and trade regimes to enable African countries to take advantage of them. Trade regimes need to become democratic, accountable, and transparent to eliminate unfair advantages to Northern countries.

As many basic economic policy actions for social development would be impossible under the terms of the proposed Multilateral Agreement on Investment (MAI), the Special Session should take note of the resolution of the subcommittee of the Human Rights Commission on the incompatibility between human rights obligations, particularly economic, social and cultural rights and WSSD commitments on the one hand, and the proposals for an MAI on the other hand, and urge governments to bear those commitments in mind at the time of instructing their representatives to MAI related negotiations.

Initiate no new "Millennium" round of trade negotiations until the social impacts of the Uruguay Round have been analysed and acted upon.

Consider African and Least Developed Countries exceptions in debates about finances and trade, and grant them unilateral privileges and preferential treatment

Reform the international system of trade to make it more compatible with the economic and social needs of the developing countries. The WTO should be integrated into the United Nations system. Reforms must be based on an examination of the social impacts of the Uruguay Round agreement.

Acknowledge the causes of financial crises and offer solutions

Policies designed to address the financial crises in developing countries must include the Copenhagen postulates related to social development.

Acknowledge that public policies are necessary to correct market failures

Acknowledge that without an underlying moral commitment to resource sharing, inclusiveness and building sustainable communities, globalization cannot be considered positive progress for humankind. The interdependence of the global community is not reduced to trade and markets. The role of the economy is to serve people, communities, and preserve the health of the earth. Transform the international financial institutions and other actors so that they become more accountable, transparent and participatory.

Call for concrete recommendations by international organisations as to how to establish a "New Financial Architecture", transparent and in consultation with civil society

Commit to assist developing countries and countries with economies in transition to strengthen and regulate their domestic capital markets and to protect basic social services

Address the distinction between globalization and its vehicle, the neo-liberal economic model, in order to highlight the defects of the neo-liberal model.

Countries should strengthen their capacities to require specific social performance targets from foreign investors, define and implement policies aimed at establishing joint ventures, promoting income distribution in favour of underprivileged areas or social groups and protecting small businesses from the unfair competition of big foreign corporations.



Agree complete debt cancellation; commit to debt cancellation

Support conditional cancellation of unpayable developing countries debt

Act promptly in favour of debt cancellation and ensure the redistribution of the funds thus released to the social development of the poor
Delink debt reduction from structural adjustment conditionalities

Immediate and full debt relief for the poorest countries so as to release resources for investment in social development, and reform the management of international debt with the establishment of an International Insolvency Body

Agree on deeper, faster and broader debt relief, including:

The international community needs to commit itself to concrete steps that will make the necessary resources for this achievement available nationally and internationally. An immediate first step that offers the promise of society-wide impact on education is debt relief.

Establish an international bankruptcy procedure to contribute to achieving durable solutions that allow countries to release their financial resources for primary public services, such as education and health.

Call for new measures to cancel the debts of low-income countries and write off the illegitimate and odious debts of middle-income countries as well.

Establish options for developing countries of declaring a standstill on their debt payments and turning to a neutral adjucative body that can sanction the write-down, not just reschedule unpayable debts. Such an independent arbitration process would provide practical insolvency procedures.


International Finance Tax

Establish regulatory frameworks to control financial speculation at the national and international level

Improve preventive measures to address the excessive volatility of short-term capital flows with particular attention to their impact on impoverished populations

Commit to the establishment of an international finance tax

Monitoring and control of international flows of capital, particularly speculative capital, through agreed international mechanisms or national measures such as the proposed "Tobin Tax" is essential.

Support the Canadian proposal to undertake an international study of the feasibility of a currency transaction tax (C1T).

A small tax on international currency transactions would discourage excessive speculation on world money markets, and at the same time raise much needed revenue for social development. The C1T could be collected nationally on the basis of an intergovernmental political agreement.

Take steps to counter the instability of global capital transactions through controls on speculative transactions, eliminating tax havens, and increasing obligations on private investors


Structural Adjustment Programmes

Increase accountability of governments to existing human rights agreements especially as a counterweight to trade agreements and SAPs

Recommend that, if reductions of public expenditure are agreed as part of adjustment strategies, social expenditure should not be adversely affected

Take note of the results of different studies showing that many of the countries who did not apply the standard adjustment recipes have achieved better levels of social development and are in a better position to deal with the financial crisis than those who did

Renew the recommendation that countries carry out participatory evaluations on the social impact of adjustment, including UN Agencies, governments and civil society in these exercises, with a view to reformulating economic reform strategies.

Recommend that effective, gender-sensitive measures be implemented to protect the livelihoods and human rights of persons living in poverty, particularly women.

Change Structural Adjustment Programmes so that they are compatible with national strategies, such as the proposed Poverty Reduction Strategy Plans, for pursuing social development in line with the Copenhagen commitments.

Country specific circumstances should be given high priority when dealing with different issues.



Include a clear focus on gender and economic justice; gender equity

A new chapter on gender, including gender mainstreaming of policies on poverty and globalisation, with fixed time-settings and quotas

Recognize the existence of the generally under-employed wealth of women's ability to be inventive, concrete and tenacious.

Achieve improvements regarding gender issues

Address women's human rights and their relation with development

Call on governments to ensure that the agreements reach at the Cairo and Beijing conferences and their respective follow-ups are fully implemented

Achieve strong gender awareness, renewed commitment to the goals of equality and equity between women and men, and effective coordination with and incorporation of the outcome of the UN Special Session "Women 2000: Gender equality, development and peace for the 21st Century"

Change the use of GNP and outmoded methodology for measuring wealth of nations to one that is inclusive of unpaid mostly women's work

Call on governments and UN agencies to further advance studies aimed at recognizing the unpaid work of women in the national accounts and to include the gender dimension in the evaluation of structural adjustment

Adopt language on specific targeting of all poverty eradication programs to the needs of women and children in poverty and to addressing the feminization of poverty

Establish targets to eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education no later than 2010

Make visible women's participation in the economy, governments should develop poverty and employment indicators that are specific to a wide range of diverse conditions that particularly affect women, such as: urban or rural status, race, ethnicity , caste, age, immigration status, etc.

Governments to ratify the CEDAW, including the Optional Protocol, if they have not previously done so, and limit the extent of any reservation to it as well as withdrawing all reservation that are incompatible with the object and purpose of the Convention or with other human rights instruments

Expand and encourage the use of specific, time-bound targets to achieve gender balance in the participation of women and men in all areas and at all levels of public life; with a provisional minimum target of 30% representation (1995 ECOSOC resolution) of women by 2003 and equal representation by 2005

Ensure that equality between women and men is effectively achieved, with explicit recognition of the specific role and contribution that women play in social development. Governments must be urged to ratify the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women.


Social services / health care

Assure access to health care which is a fundamental human right; improved health care for all and sound health policy globally

Address adequately the human right to health care in developing countries in the framework of sustainable development

Governments to acknowledge their responsibility to ensure basic services for all & provide them

Increase ODA for basic health care and education and emerging challenges, incl. malaria and other diseases identified by the WHO as having major impact on health

Provide prompt and necessary resources to deal with the severe impact of the HIV/AIDS pandemic on vulnerable populations, particularly women and children

Include the foreseeable impact of HIV/AIDS when formulating development targets

Ensure social services; provide of basic social services for all

Call on governments and agencies to ensure that the targets agreed in the ICPD Programme of Action are fulfilled

Governments should put into place by the year 2015 the necessary infrastructure and enabling conditions to make good health and education accessible to all, including safe water and sanitation, decent housing and reliable transport.

Initiate efforts toward a Global Plan for Education

Education programs should promote local cultures and languages, with particular care to respect and protect those of indigenous peoples

Ensure accountability of human services in an era of increasing corporatization of human services from health to education, to welfare and prisons

Urge governments to ensure that selective use of user fees, social marketing, cost-sharing and other forms of cost recovery do not impede access to services and are accompanied by adequate social safety net measures

Place psychosocial well-being and mental health needs of all people at the center of sustainable development. Recognize the links between psychosocial well-being and mental health and poverty, unemployment, and social disintegration. Include "social policy components within comprehensive national strategies for dealing with severe dysfunctional conditions, including anxiety, stress, and suicide" (UN Secretary General to the GA 48th Session). Provide affordable access to treatment for mental illness.



Initiate efforts towards a global plan for education

Invest in education for sustainable development

Give priority at micro, mezzo and macro levels, that provide access to basic health and education for the poor

Education development that incorporates the use of ICT

Governments should put into place by the year 2015 the necessary infrastructure and enabling conditions to make good education accessible to all.

The right to education needs to be a priority with emphasis on the goal of the Summit, quality and universal basic education by the year 2015, and closing the gender gap by 2005. Two main resources may help us meet this goal: ) cancellation of the debt of the poorest countries, debt relief for all developing countries, and 2) fulfilment of the agreed upon 0.7 % from developed countries for ODA. Other sources of funds can also be negotiated but these two are key, concrete, and realisable steps for the achievement to this goal. They have the potential for enormous, society-wide impact.



Agree upon the goal of creating dignified jobs and combating unemployment; agreements must include well-defined deadlines and actions, and macro-economic policies must be modified to accommodate these goals.

Achieve endorsement of the ILO Declaration of Principles and Rights at Work and its follow-up

Adopt the ILO Core Labor Standards, acknowledging that respecting workers rights is a pre-requisite to eradicating poverty

Support the ILO's Global Program on Decent Work

Ensure cooperation between the ILO and the World Bank on social policies and programs, including a link between the Bank's infrastructure projects and the creation of labour intensive jobs

Initiate vigorous programs to free children from the trap in which they are caught, between HIV/AIDS and the worst forms of child labour


Private sector

In addition to their traditional business focus, corporations are challenged by an ethical business imperative to address the global concerns regarding human rights, fair and equitable wages, safe working conditions, child and forced labour, the environment, and sustainable community development. Multinational corporations can make a contribution to the process of social development if there exists an on-going process for clearly articulating the responsibilities of corporations in the process of social development.

The Special Session should adopt a recommendation that guidelines be developed in consultation with all segments of civil society which encourage corporate social responsibility, maintain corporate social accountability and provide for responsible corporate governance.

Promote corporate social responsibility; but be very cautious about expanding the role of the private sector in the provision of social services. The profit motive, which drives the business sector, is in contradiction with society's need to provide social services in an equitable manner. The provision of social services therefore needs to remain the responsibility of the public sector.

Establish binding regulation for transnational corporations within the context of the United Nations to ensure acceptable environmental, cultural and social protection.



Only an absence of violence and war can create an enabling environment in which the commitments from the WSSD can be implemented. Money must be reallocated from military expenditures. The Hague Appeal for Peace (UN document A-54-98) offers a 50-point comprehensive action plan to move from a culture of violence and war to a culture of peace. The action plan should be endorsed by Copenhagen+5.



Transparent interactions at all levels

Active NGO participation in all UN activities; enhanced coordination & coordination and cooperation between NGOs and respective delegates

Establish better coordination among NGOs

Develop closer collaboration among stakeholders

Within a multi-stakeholder approach, acknowledge the important role of international NGOs which know how to link local with worldwide realities which is the unavoidable way to eliminate poverty today.

Governments should adopt multi-sectoral policies drawing together decision makers and communities.

Include popular initiatives in local politics against poverty, participation in local development

Ensure local involvement & commitment

Ensure that people living in poverty are partners in all efforts to eradicate poverty , including formulation, implementation and evaluation of programs

Acknowledge the important role of interpersonal, family and community ties, and education, to bring victims of exclusion to find within themselves the proper ways to participate.

Increase involvement of NGOs and of the private sector in implementation and monitoring.

Include all stakeholders in the system that will do the continuous monitoring of the social impacts of agreements will be necessary.

A moral vision calls for the full participation of diverse communities of poor and powerless people in the economic, social and political decisions which affect them. The aim of economic life should be to nurture sustainable, just and participatory communities. Building such communities will require nothing less than profound moral courage and the willingness to be open to new ways of living and working together

The time has come to rediscover the impetus that already once, in a world devastated by war, brought States together for dialogue and cooperation.


The Political Declaration

The Political Declaration needs to show more clarity of vision and a sense of urgency. It needs to address the root causes of the profound moral and ethical crisis which we face. A weak Political declaration will weaken the implementation of the Programme of Action.

Agree a declaration which represents the diverse needs and interests regarding development all over the world

Show political will for agreement on a strong Political Declaration in support of policies to eradicate poverty, end discrimination and social exclusion, and create high quality jobs

The Political Declaration should challenge the powers that be to summon the political will which is a prerequisite for the eradication of poverty.



Merely repeating the language from Copenhagen will not be enough but harmful.

Re-affirming the goals and targets set in Copenhagen, resetting those that have been missed

Renew commitment of governments to efforts, identify specific action / projects for joint efforts for reduction of poverty and improved conditions and equity for women and children globally

Adherence to the present commitments made, reaffirmation of national governments to the commitments

Explicit commitment to social development goals involving bottom-up developmental processes and a much stronger focus on addressing structural causes of poverty

Adopt a programme that carries forward the commitments of Copenhagen and develops action measures, targets and resources to enable international organizations, governments (national and local), NGOs, trade unions, and business as well as other branches of civil society to achieve the goals of Copenhagen.

Increase the understanding in Northern countries that the commitment is also about themselves

Agree upon goals for all countries - not just developing ones - with deadlines no later than 2015 and with intermediate deadlines (2005 and 2010)

We need to prioritise and to arrive at concrete agreements, otherwise we will not achieve the goals of Copenhagen or Copenhagen+5

Commitments and agreements for direct action

Agree on precise targets and benchmarks; achieve forward looking agreements with clear benchmarks and targets

Time bound targets to create enabling environment, poverty eradication, productive employment and social integration



Commit to implementation & action

Clarify and identify implementation of efforts

Address possible enforcement strategies for agreements

Integrate social, economic, cultural and humanitarian programmes so as to develop policies that can move toward a better livelihood for all and find the resources necessary to achieve these goals

Include the sustainable communities agenda in all social policy development - it is cross-cutting with all issues of social development

Strengthen existing African regional and subregional intergovernmental bodies and promote them as viable entities in the implementation and monitoring of the Copenhagen Declaration. This would ensure flexibility and sensitivity to local circumstances and cultures.

Extend financial aid to African based NGOs to help them tackle environmental problems in Africa



Encourage governments to clearly identify the institutional mechanisms to review, with the participation of civil society, the implementation of the 10 commitments

Establish an intermittent mechanism to review mid-term progress

Recommend measures to guarantee the gathering and publication of data, disaggregated by

gender and ethnic groups (part. indigenous peoples), and stimulate national reporting on progress towards agreed goals

Identify approaches and methodologies that worked

Act on recommended strategies and identify who, when, how and financing

Effectively measure impact and success; strengthen capacity for effective monitoring

Combine social development indicators with human rights as a measurement and monitoring methods, especially to ensure that human rights do not fall off the table

Human development indicators should include developing quantitative and qualitative methods for assessing the social and gender impact of policies.

Include psychosocial well-being and mental health as indicators of economic and social development

All bi- and multilateral projects need to be evaluated for compliance with existing international agreements

Evaluate so that the recommendations will be effectively implemented in all the processes - effective for civil society, women and youth

Evaluation should encompass starting from conception to implementation of all programs regarding the fight against poverty.


Institutions & process

Establish UN CSocD as a legitimate forum for the evolution of global poverty strategies

Agree on institutional reform

Verify that the WTO has not complied with request made by heads of State and governments in Copenhagen to carry out a survey of the social impacts of the Uruguay Round. In the face of this omission, the survey should be entrusted to the UNCTAD.

Strengthen relevant UN bodies such as ILO, WHO, UNICEF, UNIFEM and the Human Rights Commission and discourage trends to empower trade and financial organisations with the capacity to impose further conditionalities on developing countries through social clauses

Ensure greater cooperation between the Bretton Woods institutions and the UN on the promotion of social policy; adoption of the ILO tripartite model of involvement of stakeholders in policy formulation

Incorporate guidelines on sound principles and good practice in social policy, in order to give a social dimension to the financial architecture being devised by the IMF and the World Bank

Include the topics of debt relief, financial speculation and ODA in the agenda of the high level UN event on Financing for Development to be held in 2001

Consider the Financing for Development process as part of the WSSD follow-up

Commit to participate in the Finance for Development process at the highest level

Include some outlook towards 2002

Develop an action agenda leading up to Copenhagen+10

Hold a Summit every five years until the targets have been achieved

Agree to convene a GA Special Session in 2005 to review the WSSD commitments and the further initiatives agreed upon by WSSD+5.


The Special Session is also an opportunity to meet, network and learn from each other.



B. What should be achieved beyond Copenhagen+5



Eradication of poverty

End world poverty

Implement an international anti poverty pact

Set clear national and international targets for meeting poverty reduction goals

Strengthen the economies in developing countries

Agree on more concrete initiatives aimed to meet the poverty reduction objectives; focusing on appropriate educational and public health programs

Make available more research on pro-poor economic growth



Participation of the poor in policy development; participatory development

Achieve a change in development processes

Clarification of some international laws that could force global institutions to respect the state's obligations to insure services to their people

More dialogue between stakeholders, public and NGO

Democratise all UN activities



Money to development

Establish an international fund for social development

Continued attention to equitable social development with financial commitments to the countries in transition

Mobilising the additional funds needed to mitigate the impacts of civil unrest in countries of the South and Eastern Europe, as well as of the AIDS pandemic.



Do not make commitments a hollow promise with no progress report and accountability

Implement time-bound targets

Take concrete actions and grassroots initiatives

Implement the decisions reached and initiate new programmes to achieve agreed upon goals

Implement education and environmental projects - in country, grass roots, direct action

Take action on recommended projects and demonstrated outcomes

Identify and call for specific policies and cooperative work to address trends

Sensitise policy makers about the declaration in order to promote better implementation at country level

Take actions at all levels, through partnerships between international organizations, governments and NGOs as well as other major groups to find the necessary financial resources and develop programmes (initially on a pilot basis) to explore which measures can best be used to implement policy decisions and put Copenhagen into operation.


Legal Issues

It should be illegal for a corporation to profit from human services at taxpayers expense and with impunity due to the non-disclosure acts available in most countries.

Land reform and taxation on primary resource use and extraction as a general principle for reform of national taxation systems

Ensure that the capacity to meet basic needs locally is protected and improved as (an existing) basic human rights principle, eg the right to development and Articles 1-2 of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.



Stronger UN and CSO monitoring efforts

Create a mechanism to monitor, compile and disseminate information on the commitments made by governments and others at Copenhagen

Participatory involvement in order to take into account the strengths and weaknesses of what has been done.

Develop measures to establish the extent to which national governments are committing resources to community development

Broader indicators and more accurate data which can reflect the reality in wealthy nations, ie not relying on averaging which can be very misleading when huge disparities exist (such as in Canada)

Regularly check on poverty eradication

Report of collaborative efforts and outcomes to date with action plans for long-term efforts

Conduct reviews of country performances on human rights treaties ties into WSSD monitoring. Apply sanctions to nations using economic deprivation/exclusion and severe retrogression as a method of oppression and driving the work force into cheap labour such as EPZs.


Institutions & Process

Achieve more coherence in the approach of the socio-economic needs of the people (of the co-operating agencies, incl. those of the UN system); re-integrate the parallel UN processes

Involve stakeholders who are active in social development processes in the upcoming 2002 process

Create a mechanism for sharing experiences on the success and challenges in fulfilling the commitments


Restructure international trade; restructure trade and international financial institutions to overcome poverty; change WTO to support development

Debt cancellation; debt relief; abolish third world debt

Increased visibility of and support for women's role in development, particularly of African women

Fixed budgets and timelines for gender mainstreaming

Establish guidelines to the social responsibilities of business

Built-in sustainability elements in all socio-economic development undertakings

Include sustainable development as a primary concept - not being marginalized as a separate issue (ie "environment") next to social development. Social development should be seen as part of sustainable development (which was agreed in Copenhagen).

Greater and easier access to bilateral and multi-lateral funding by civil society organisations

Building capacity and access of most vulnerable communities to the ICTs

Establish an International Finance Tax / Currency Transaction Tax / Tobin Tax

Working towards agreeing social policy principles

Working on HIV/AIDS

Continued attention to education development that incorporates the use of ICT.

Reduction of vulnerability to disasters

Reform UN peace keeping

Strong political will and good governance to achieve the declaration objectives.



C. What should be achieved for Earth Summit 2002 (Rio+10)



Sound environmental policies and regulatory mechanisms for enforcing them

Establish penalties for polluters when pollution crosses borders

Introduce sanctions for ignoring guidelines and commitments

Fuller understanding of the links between human health and environmental degradation and the incorporation of these links into policies

Community preparedness for disasters

Frankly address over-consumption in the Global North

Food security with particular consideration to the precautionary approach regarding health and environmental parameters, particularly by Northern producers

Ensure access to alternatives, organic food sources, etc. for the poor in industrialized nations

Engage in massive investments in alternative sustainable fuels, technologies and materials

Agree time bound targets to conserve the Mother Earth

Protect poor and aboriginal people from toxic dumping and unregulated workplaces


Resource flow from industrialised to low income countries

Adequate and additional funding through local and international commitments to implement integrative social and environmental programmes

Support for low income countries to strengthen environmental agenda


Re-integration of UN processes

Integrating the "Finance For Development" process

Stronger UN and CSO monitoring mechanisms and efforts

Challenges and guidelines as a basis for joint actions - including the determination of priorities that emerge in the initial implementation of Copenhagen+5.


Getting gender and equity issues beyond just the talk shop and translated into real policy objectives with muscle behind them (budget / intent / commitment)

Address women's concerns about environment and development issues, related to poverty, health, reproductive health

Gender mainstreaming of all issues addressed

Gender mainstreaming of environmental policies

A new gender-blueprint for Local Agenda 21 processes


Implementing sustainability on the basis of all three pillars: economy, social, environment

Equality and peace

Commitment to honour existing treaties and laws for all multi- and bi-laterally funded development

Involvement of the private sector in environmental protection programmes, esp. in developing countries

Realistic and clear objectives to reduce poverty and social exclusion which are objectively measurable.

Commitment of the states to dedicate at least 20% of their national expenditure to the social sector.

Access of 80 % of those infected with HIV in Southern and Eastern European countries to treatment equal to that in developed countries.

Participatory evaluation of the social impact of structural adjustment policies

Support for democratic, accountable, transparent and representative global governance

Basing policy decisions on equity and human rights approach, not on market factors

Proper coordination of agendas for both North and South and achieved in a transparent mode




D. Importance of issues being discussed at Copenhagen+5


Issue ranked 1 - 5:

1 = very important

2 = important

3 = neutral

4 = unimportant

5 = very unimportant





1. Faster and broader debt relief and cancellation process




2. Involve all nations in a binding Convention to eradicate poverty




3. Integrating the 'Financing for Development' process as part of the WSSD+5 follow-up




4. Agreeing on precise targets and benchmarks




5. Agree on an Anti-Poverty-Pact




6. Globalisation








6. Initiate efforts towards a Global Action Plan for Education




7. Development Indicators




7. Governance




9. Participatory evaluation of the social impact of adjustment policies




10. International bodies to adopt and strengthen implementation of a gender policy




10. Working towards agreeing on Social Policy Principles




11. International study of the feasibility of a currency transaction tax (Tobin tax)






Address the institutional weakness of CSocD which at the moment does not have the mandate to monitor the implementation of the Copenhagen Commitments on an Enabling Environment, SAPs, Resources and International Cooperation; institutional reform and follow-up

Binding guidelines to strengthen the social responsibility of the private sector

Fair Trade

Immediate debt cancellation

Universal provision of basic social services; implementation and deepening of 20/20

Implementation of an international finance tax

Renewal of commitment to ODA; resources for development; rethinking of international cooperation policies; engage rich countries in questions regarding poor countries

Equal access for all infected people to HIV / AIDS treatment


Water and food security for the most vulnerable communities

Involve civil society and women in all development strategies

Gender / women's perspective on all issues (1-14)




E. Major concerns and goals regarding the draft outcome document

(Questionnaire & NGO Position Papers)

All paragraphs in Part III. Further Actions and Initiatives to implement the commitments made at the Summit.


1. Enabling Environment (Para 1-23)

Good governance, accountability and transparency of policy and decision-making are essential to an enabling environment for social development.

Good governance; realisation of rights; sound principles and good practices in social policy; increased access to products of developing countries; durable solutions for debt problems; corporate social responsibility

Concern about implementation: don't just make commitments

An enabling environment within development organisations and government agencies themselves is critical if we want to move beyond rhetoric for equity. A transformation of organisations is necessary for us to move away from hierarchical processes that maintain power relations and assure that the business of ‘doing development’ will not significantly alter. We need to change the mainstream, the usual ways of managing organisations and their programmes if we want to reach women and other marginalised groups. Existing power relations must be questioned and altered – otherwise, the old boys network will carry on, assuring that no REAL change for gender equity can occur.

Recognize that an enabling environment must include taking actions to halt all forms of violence against women, whether in the family, the workplace, prisons, refugee camps or situations of armed conflict

Work to be done simultaneously at the local, national and international levels

Participation of poor people

Establish strategies to promote great involvement of different social sectors, esp. private enterprises and industries. In Latin America, for example, there are not enough experiences in the co-ordination of multi-sectoral actions regarding environment-related issues, and the major "enemies" of the environment are multi-national private enterprises.

Include disaster preparedness of vulnerable communities

Fight against desertification as it touches poor African countries

Comments on individual paragraphs:

6 - 22: Integrating and simultaneous consideration of economic, environmental and social objectives

14 should be retained

15 (EU & Norway) Recognise that.... towards poverty eradication and social development; [ADD: with special emphasis on basic social services].

10b: Developing, strengthening and enforcing the regulatory frameworks [ADD: including codes of conduct to govern transnational corporations], for monitoring financial operations...

10b and 10c bis: maintain (dealing with protection of basic services when dealing with financial crises, and calling for consultation with civil society in strengthening institutions and mechanisms for economic policy formulation)

16d: maintain (supports increase corporate awareness of the inter-relationship between social and sustainable economic growth)

17: support (deals with guidelines for the UN and allocates responsibility to the UNCSocD to develop guidelines)



2. Poverty Eradication (Para 24 - 33)

Levels of resources are still too low in general and are not directed to social goals

Participatory national anti-poverty strategies; basic social services for all

Counteract feminization of poverty; support for women's pivotal role in the entire food chain

Strategies to eradicate poverty of women in urban and rural areas need to be identified and strengthened

Population policy aimed at replacement levels needs to be emphasized with respect to increasing opportunities for women to get out of poverty - recalling that poverty is a women's issue

Projects which fight against poverty should focus on poor women.

Address how to promote North-South international cooperation on the one hand, and national redistribution policies on the other hand

Quantity and quality studies and actions have to be undertaken in order to approach different aspects in the framework of development (eg health, education, housing, etc.)

multi-stakeholder action is very much needed, including government, private sector, NGOs, churches, and others.

the international community should convene an international poverty eradication convention.

the World Bank SAPs need to be examined for their contribution to poverty eradication.

Reduce risk of natural disasters for the poor


Comments on individual paragraphs:

24: Place poverty eradication... eradicating poverty; [ADD: synthesise Poverty Reduction Strategies, bilateral programs, the OECD's "Shaping the 21st Century" and national policies in North and South into a global compact on social development, convince all relevant actors to recognize the strategic role of basic social services in poverty eradication programs]

24: should be retained

24: Place poverty eradication [ADD: including the feminization of poverty] at the centre....

para 27bis - maintain the whole para and remove brackets from "all levels" (Rev3)

27: Assisting developing countries in improving capacities for [ADD: gender disaggregated] poverty related data collection...

27: include special references to women

27(0) support EU proposal

27ter: strongly support maintaining of a) and b) dealing with ILO and the elderly

27h: Encouraging the growth ....; by, inter alia, [fostering implementation of labour standards - EU] [ADD: taking into account both remunerated and unremunerated work at home, community and the workplace (Beijing PfA, para45)] ...

27f: Improving access for people living in poverty to productive resources by implementing measures such as [ADD: gender sensitive] skills training and micro-credit schemes;

29lbis, n, o: include special references to women



3. Employment (Para 34-50)

Ensure basic social worker's rights

Employment policies for social solidarity, including the third sector, grassroots organisations and NGOs

Increase opportunities for productive employment, including self-employment

Ratify ILO conventions; eliminate child labour;

Introduce indicators, disaggregated by gender and age

Promote gender equality and eliminate gender discrimination in the labour market; facilitate the sharing of work and family responsibilities

There is a need to provide projects that offer more opportunities for women.

Equal opportunities for all, employment for the elderly in rich countries, employment for the youth in poor countries

Build livelihood security in relief

Employment reform laws are needed, esp. in developing countries, where laboral flexibility policies imply serious violations of worker's human rights. Meanwhile, migratory policies need to be improved in order to create a better environment for people who have to migrate from their countries to find work.

the rights of migrant workers must be assured by an international pact.

Employment actions often support actions of multinational companies which have little commitment to fair wages, equality or sustainable development.

Comments on individual paragraphs:

36: should be retained

36: maintain and remove brackets from "entrepreneurship" (Rev3)

38: "The 20/20 initiative... or recollecting domestic resources. [ADD: The 20/20 initiative has become a universally adopted point of reference in the formulation of global poverty strategies. follow-up meetings in Oslo and Hanoi have forged a global consensus on the sectoral definition of basic social services. the OECDs Development Assistance Committee has set up a statistical system which allows for a comprehensive and comparative monitoring of donor efforts towards 20/20. Now, the focus on basic social services needs to be fully integrated into poverty programs at national and international levels such as the Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (World Bank) and the OECD's document "Shaping the 21st Century"].

38a: accept the term "ratifying" rather than the others that weaken it

38b(bis) maintain para re ILO Declaration

39: multi-lateral issues should include gender issues

39ter: maintain both if possible, but in any case a)

40: support the EU text including civil society

45: financing for new technology in Southern countries has to be given considerable support to overcome access gaps and problems of technology transfer

47: should include maternity leave for both parents

47: either maintain or cross-reference to Women 2000 text (Beijing+5 outcome document)



4. Social Integration & Human Rights (Para 51-69)

Fight against gender-based violence and recognition that violence against women in all its forms is a violation of human rights; prevention of trafficking in women and children

Protection of individual and collective rights

Promote gender equality and women's human rights

It is urgent to promote the inclusion of international conventions in national constitutions of all countries worldwide.

It is urgent to develop awareness campaigns against all "phobias" which imply human rights violations, using mass media and face-to-face direct action with different social groups.

Integration through employment

Social development projects need to involve civil society and women.

All countries must sign all human rights instruments and respect them.

Comments on individual paragraphs:

53, 55, 56, 57: should be retained

55bis: accept both EU and US amendments (Rev3)

57: include sexism, pornography, violence against women

62 and 66bis: maintain

Paras regarding indigenous workers are pending - they should be included.



5. Gender Equity (Para 69ter-73)

All paragraphs need reconsideration in the light of the text adopted at Beijing+5.

This chapter is too short and should have a more prominent and distinctive position.

Need to set up an enabling environment for that to happen in practice (redefining the role of women and men in the family, in society, etc.)

Emphasise female headed households and improving male responsibility toward childcare

Promote gender equality and women's human rights

In some countries, where women's proportion of the workforce has increased, women are considered as "human capital" rather than as holders of human rights. women's and men's awareness of their human rights needs to increase. governments should promote greater NGO involvement in the development, execution and evaluation of policies regarding gender issues at the national level, as NGOs have large experience and expertise on these issues.

Strongly agree to these paragraphs, especially related to gender mainstreaming within organisations and governments. We need strong political clout to move ahead. Every effort should be made to not have the language weakened by dissenting representatives.

Recognize the rights of women and girls to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, including their right to the full range of reproductive and sexual health services, necessary to enjoy safe childbearing, freedom of reproductive decision-making and a healthy and satisfying sexuality, free of coercion, discrimination and violence

Comments on individual paragraphs:

72bis: To promote... for women and men; [ADD: g) Make optimal use of the 20/20 initiative through the provision of basic social services which are particularly targeted at women and girls;]

70, 72bis: should be retained



6. Education & Health (Para 74-86)

These paragraphs need reconsideration in the light of the outcome document from Beijing+5.

Education is the best investment and helps to address health issues

Early childhood care and education, esp. for girls; basic education for all as a right

Strengthen the aspect of education at the most basic local levels

Strongly emphasise community development work for health and education promotion in areas such as literacy and HIV

There is a need for more projects which take into account the needs of developing countries and the challenge of HIV/AIDS Educational awareness needs to be included in the agenda to enable people to take active part in decision-making about priorities, policies and strategies

Promote equal opportunities for girls

Provide free primary education

Make clear that health and well-being are prerequisites for development

Availability of community based health services

Target vulnerable communities such as women and young people with efforts to improve access to health and other social services

Greater control of governments on education and health issues is needed, given the framework of the wide privatisation of these areas

Comments on individual paragraphs:

74bis: Improve the performance of health care systems [ADD: with specific, time bound targets], in particular at the primary health care level [ADD:, including maternal, reproductive and sexual health services], and address maldistribution of health care services resources that compound existing inequalities in health [ADD: - , moreover, governments should put into place by the year 2015 the necessary infrastructure and enabling conditions to make good health and education accessible to all, including safe water and sanitation, decent housing and reliable transport]

75: include reference to women and girls in particular

81: Encourage... for all by the year 2015 [ADD: by enhanced implementation of the 20/20 initiative].

84: should be retained, with changes proposed by Norway

84: : include reference to women and girls in particular



7. Africa & LDC (Para 86bis-102)

Promote an integrated approach to sustainable human development, pro-poor economic approach, universal access by all to basic social services, sustainable development, transparent and accountable governance; debt relief and cancellation

Africa and LDCs will have to set up their own development pace, and decide what is good for them, while demanding an enabling environment to offset the negative impact of external influence on national policies

Assist in HIV / AIDS programs

Improve international cooperation as well as international cooperation among African economic sectors is needed. Act to promote awareness about human rights and changing "colonialist" paradigms.

Comments on individual paragraphs:

87: should be retained, with G77 language

88: needs to mention women

92: should include: North should contribute in job creation in any given country where they promote technology transfer; this will increase local expertise and improve the economy

93: needs to mention women

97 and 101: maintain

100: needs to mention women



8. Structural Adjustment Programmes (Para 103-107)

The emphasis on marketization in SAPs has been disastrous. Emphasis should be on locally-driven development programs with strong bottom-up approach rather than on opening up markets to global corporations and market pressures which override local interests. Strong emphasis needed on fair trading principles.

SAPs should not impact negatively on basic social, educational and health services

SAPs must be internally driven.

Foster a responsive, on-going dialogue with relevant actors from civil society in the design and implementation of adjustment and reform programs to ensure full integration of social and economic aspects

Include NGOs in policy and decision-making

Establish a participatory mechanism for social impact assessments of adjustment programs and reform packages before, during and after their implementation.

The decrease - or at least the re-definition - of SAPs has become an urgent matter. Meanwhile, national resource distribution policies are needed to decrease the consequences of SAPs as well as the implementation of wide social programs. A culture of austerity, especially among government bureaucracy, is urgent in Latin American countries. Anti-corruption policies are essential to ensure correct use of public funds.

Comments on individual paragraphs:

103: should be retained

104: first Norwegian amendment (Rev3) should be maintained and the second rejected. EU draft is best.

104bis: Encourage.... integration of social goals in national development strategies [ADD: which include, inter alia, universal access to basic social services.]



9. Resources (Para 107ter-114)

Priority financing should be given to projects which involve civil society and NGOs in particular

Facilitate coordination of different stakeholders

Put resources into work at local, national and international levels extension of access to micro-credit and other financial instruments to people living in poverty, part. women; rapid progress towards debt relief under the HIPC initiative; 0.7% of GNP for overall ODA by 2005; full implementation of the 20/20 initiative

Redistribution of resources, support for small enterprises, and equitable tax policies are essential aspects. Population participation must be ensured in this process, taking into account gender, age, socio-economic status, race, sexual orientation, among others.

Environmental degradation is accelerating and international accords are needed to protect important natural and environmental resources from no-sustainable exploitation.

Human development indicators should relate to internationally agreed 2005/2015 targets to reducing extreme poverty, ensure universal primary education, gender equality and reduce maternal and infant mortality.

When calling for support to governments in the establishment of guidelines for policies aimed at generating domestic revenue to pay for social services, social protection and other social programs, include "seeking new sources of revenue, such as taxation that captures gains in land value and recovers public investments" (see Habitat Agenda, Para 76h).

Comments on individual paragraphs:

108: should be retained, especially b)

108e: Encourage the involvement and active participation of civil society, to complement efforts of governments in the provision of social services [ADD: and the responsibility of the private sector, particularly transnational corporations, to reinvest in the communities where they operate;]

109: Support governments in the establishment of guidelines for polices aimed at generating domestic revenue to pay for social services, social protection and other social programmes [ADD: , especially programs targeted at women and people living in poverty]...

109c: Seeking new sources of revenue which simultaneously may discourage public bads; [ADD: such as land value (site value) taxation for local governments to enable more affordable housing and work locations especially for women and people living in poverty (language from Habitat I & II) ]

111: proposed para C: especially in the south that need expertise to compete in the existing market system (vital for stabilisation of markets)

111a: [Delete: Consider further means] [ADD: Mobilize], at the international level, [Delete: to mobilize] additional resources for social development by, inter alia:

New 111e: [Develop a proposal for the implementation of a currency transaction text and its use to generate revenue for a social development fund directed especially to women and children.]

112: G77 redraft should be supported (Rev3)

112: d) Encouraging donor... basic social services [ADD:] and to make sure that universal access to basic social services is put in the center of Poverty Reduction Strategies; encouraging the OECD to publish comprehensive data on donor support to basic social services in bilateral and multilateral programs.

114: should be supported with the three additions (EU, US, G77)



10. International Cooperation (Para 114ter-129)

Increase cooperation at national, regional and international levels. Equity must be ensured in this process, as well as transparency and accountability in order to decrease economic corruption.

Strengthen ECOSOC

Ratify and implement of instruments

Indispensable for creating and enabling environment, harmful when used to direct domestic policies

Important: approach and structures that deal with managing the triangular relationships between donor, consulting intermediary bodies and recipient countries / communities

Comments on individual paragraphs:

115, 122: should be retained, with G77 language

114ter: maintain (Rev3)

115: indicators / assessment of gender specific impact is a must

116 and 122: maintain

128: a strong proposal for the future; maintain



F. The future of the Commission on Social Development






Should multi-stakeholder dialogues be introduced for the Commission on Social development (CSocDev)?



Should the Chair of the CSocDev be elected at the end of the CSocDev session?



Should the Commission be at Ministerial level?



Should there be high-level joint Commission meetings (CSW, CSD, CPD)?



Should the CSocDev be incorporated into the Commission on Sustainable Development?





G. About the respondents to the questionnaire


Involvement in the WSSD+5 preparatory process








Issue areas the organisations are working on

Enabling Environment


Poverty Eradication




Social Integration & Human Rights


Gender Equity


Education & Health


Africa & LDC


Structural Adjustment Programmes




International Cooperation




Capacity building; management & vocational training

Care for elderly and children

Community development at national, regional and international level

Community organisation


Earth Summit 2002

Environment, education & health; environmental issues

Follow-up of the Social Summit


Human Rights, esp. economic, social and cultural rights trying to expose the dangers of privatising human services at public expense

Jubilee 2000 / debt cancellation

Low income housing and tenant training

Multi-stakeholder partnerships

Natural disaster mitigation

Refugees & migrants

Women's rights; violence against women


Regions where they work

(multiple answers possible)



Asia & Middle East




Eastern Europe


Europe & North America


South America & the Caribbean


South Asia & Pacific






Stakeholder groups represented

(n = 36; multiple answers possible)







Indigenous Peoples


Religious Communities


Business & Industry


Trade Unions


Research & Education


Intergovernmental bodies


Local Authorities



Annex I: Questionnaire Respondents

Centre For Socio-Economic Development, Switzerland


Citizens Network for Sustainable Development, USA

Child Poverty Action Group, UK

Communications Coordination Committee for the UN (CCC-UN), USA

Congregation of Sisters of the Good Shepherd, USA

Disaster Mitigation Institute, India

ENDA Colombia, Colombia

ENDA TM / ENDA Maghreb, Morocco

Fundacion para Estudio es Investigacion de la Mujer (FEIM)

Groupement pour la Defense des Droits des Femmes, Mauritania

International Alliance of Women, Australia

International Association for Community Development, Scotland, UK

International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD), Nepal

International Council of Nurses, Switzerland

International Federation of Settlements and Neighborhood Centres, Canada

International Federation of Women's Travel Organizations, USA

International Movement ATD Fourth World, France

Low Income Families Together (LIFT), Canada

Maryknoll Sisters, USA

Nigerian Environmental Society, Nigeria

Participatory Development Action Program, Bangladesh

Peace Child International, UK

Protestant Association for Development (EZE), Germany (as part of the Working Group 20/20, German NGO Forum World Social Summit)

Rural Reconstruction Nepal (RRN), Nepal

Sahel Defis, France


Terre des Femmes, Germany

The Grail, USA

United Nations Association of Denmark, Denmark

United Nations Development Program, New York, USA

UNED Forum

United Nations Research Institute on Social Development (UNRISD), Switzerland

World Economy, Ecology & Development Association (WEED), Germany

World Information Transfer, USA

World Leisure and Recreation Association, Canada

Zambia Council for Social Development, Zambia


Annex II: NGO statements & position papers from the 2nd PrepCom, April 2000

Canadian Council of Churches Position Paper on Corporate Responsibility in Social Development

Coalition for Global Solidarity and Social Development

EUROSTEP Position Paper, 1 April 2000

German NGO Forum World Summit on Social Development, Working Group 20/20, April 2000

International Council on Social Welfare (ICSW), April 2000

International Union for Land Value Taxation and Free Trade, April 2000

NGO Caucus Priorities (10 Caucuses), WSSD+5 PrepCom, April 13 2000

Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues (SPSSI), April 2000

Statement by International Cooperation for Development and Solidarity (CIDSE), Caritas International, and Franciscans International, April 2000

Statement by the Citizens Alliance for Economic Justice (CCEJ) and the NGO Caucus on Currency Transaction Tax, 12 April 2000

Statement by the International Association of Charities (AIC), April 2000

Statement by the NGO Caucus on the Rights of the Child, 3-14 April 2000

Statement by the World Confederation of Labor (WCL), 12 April 2000

The Ecumenical Coalition, WSSD+5 Briefing Note

The Ecumenical Team, 5 April 2000

Women's Caucus, 10 April 2000

World Confederation of Labor (WCL), 12 April 2000




About UNED

UNED-UK was set up in the wake of the Earth Summit to promote sustainable development at the global, national and local levels. We are a membership organisation, providing organisations and individuals in Britain and in other countries with up to the minute information on the broad range of activities in the UK and the UN which are designed to realise the objectives established at the UN Conference on Environment and Development in 1992. We also encourage and facilitate the active involvement of all sectors of society in making progress towards the key elements of sustainable development, emphasising the importance of integrating the environmental, social and economic elements in a coherent, comprehensive policy framework.

As part of UNED Forum's domestic programme, UNED-UK is conducting Round Tables to bring together government, NGOs and other stakeholders to address issues which are being tackled by the UN Commission on Sustainable Development and other areas such as the media, education, etc. UNED is also involved in research, conducted with multi-stakeholder advisory boards, and has since 1999 increasingly been focusing on preparations for 2002.

UNED Forum is endeavouring to build momentum among a wide range of stakeholders in preparation for the Rio+10 event in 2002. The organisation has an international advisory board, comprising many of the most respected organisations and individuals working on sustainable development issues at the international level. Their role is to guide UNED's efforts to provide information, stimulate debate and increase involvement among all sectors around the world on the potential for achieving significant progress in 2002 towards a more equitable and sustainable system of global governance for the 21st Century.


UNED's Preparations for WSSD+5

We have been focusing on providing necessary information for WSSD+5 for all stakeholders via the internet. With our website at we aim to make it easier for people to get involved in this important process of reviewing progress since 1995 and looking forward beyond 2000. The site is aiming to make all relevant material available on the issues under discussion - from the UN bodies working on Social Development and other stakeholders such as NGOs; women's groups; youth, indigenous peoples; religious communities; trade unions; business & industry; research & education; governments; local authorities. It also provides international agreements from other UN processes which are dealing with the same issues, including 'packages' on relevant issues. UNED also issued a questionnaire on concerns and priorities for and beyond WSSD+5 and, in conjunction with an analysis of NGO position papers from preparatory meetings, produced a summary of the views expressed.

Further information on this project, contact Jasmin Enayati and Minu Hemmati, Project Co-ordinators, email


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