universal and equitable access to education and primary health care
the package of UN documents on education & health
TXT file (212 KB), ZIP file (62 KB)
Business & Industry
International Agreements on Health
Agenda 21, Rio 1992
Chapter 6. Protection and Promotion of Human Health
Chapter 24. Global Action for Women Towards Sustainable and Equitable Development
International Conference on Population and
Development (ICPD), Cairo 1994
Programme of Action
Chapter 4 : Gender Equality, Equity and Empowerment of Women
Fourth World Conference on Women, Beijing 1995
Platform for Action
IV. Strategic Objectives and Actions
C. Women and Health
Habitat II, Istanbul 1996
Istanbul Declaration on Human Settlements
IV Global Plan of Action
C. Sustainable human settlements development in an urbanizing world
5. Environmentally sustainable, healthy and liveable human settlements
Commission on Human Rights
Fifty-fourth session, Item 9
Further promotion and encouragement of human rights and fundamental freedoms, including the question of the programme and methods of work of the Commission
The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW)
UN Division for the Advancement of Women (Beijing+5 Workshop)
UN Agencies & Intergovernmental Bodies reports
|World Health Organization (WHO)||www.who.int
Founded in 1948, the World Health Organization leads the world alliance for Health for All.
A specialized agency of the United Nations with 191 Member States, WHO promotes technical cooperation for health among nations, carries out programmes to control and eradicate disease and strives to improve the quality of human life.
WHO has four main functions:
- to give worldwide guidance in the field of health
- to set global standards for health
- to cooperate with governments in strengthening national health programmes
- to develop and transfer appropriate health technology, information and standards.
|World Health Report||http://www.who.int/home/reports.html
Africa regional office
|United Nations Children Fund (UNICEF)||www.unicef.org
UNICEF's web page offers a good overview of initiatives to improve the health of children around the globe. Includes the annual Progress of Nations, with a special section on health (www.unicef.org/pon98/health1.htm).
|The World Bank's Page on
Health, Nutrition & Population
The World Bank's page offers the complete text to many documents, while also providing links to their partner organizations.
|UNESCO - Education For All Forum||
|NGO Documents for the Earth Summit, 1992||NGO Alternative Treaties at the '92 Global
Treaty 39. A Global Women's Treaty for NGOs Seeking a Just and Healthy Planet
|Africa's Health in the New Millennium||www.osu.edu/org/awognet/aht
Conference on African Healthcare Telematics, scheduled for March 2000 in Enugu, Nigeria.
|Global Campaign for Education||http://www.campaignforeducation.org/
In October 1999 a broad coalition of development agencies and unions joined forces to launch the Global Campaign for Action. The coalition represents organisations active in over a hundred countries, including Oxfam International, Education International, Action Aid and dozens of national coalitions in developing countries.
|Global Health Council||www.globalhealthcouncil.org
A wealth of information and advocacy resources from an organization linking health professionals and organizations around the world.
The Global Health Council is a 27-year-old membership organization that believes global health is the cornerstone in the foundation of our globalized world.
The Council is an umbrella organization composed of professionals in the health-care field, non-governmental and governmental organizations, academic institutions, foundations and corporations.
Its goal is to galvanize these groups to action in the 21st century, and toward that end, the Council advocates, builds alliances and communicates ideas and best practices in the health field.
Provides e-mail discussion groups for health professionals, including AFRO-NETS: African Networks for Health Research and Development www.healthnet.org/programs/afronets.html.
Committee of the Red Cross
The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is an impartial, neutral and independent organization whose exclusively humanitarian mission is to protect the lives and dignity of victims of war and internal violence and to provide them with assistance. It directs and coordinates the international relief activities conducted by the Movement in situations of conflict. It also endeavours to prevent suffering by promoting and strengthening humanitarian law and universal humanitarian principles.
Go to: Operations by countries - Maps, facts and figures, reports, news releases and publications on the countries (over 50) in which the ICRC is currently active.
Issues and topics - Thematic information covering issues such as antipersonnel mines, effects of weapons, water and war
Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
international humanitarian organisation with a unique worldwide network, works to improve the situation of the world's most vulnerable people. It has a presence in almost every country in the world today through its national Red Cross and Red Crescent societies. The Red Crescent is used in place of the Red Cross in many Islamic countries. The Federation provides humanitarian relief to people affected by disasters or other emergencies and development assistance to empower vulnerable people to become more self-sufficient.
a gateway to electronic resources and tools for the national and international adult literacy communities
international humanitarian aid organisation that provides emergency medical assistance to populations in danger in more than 80 countries. In countries where health structures are insufficient or even non-existant, MSF collaborates with authorities such as the Ministry of Health to provide assistance. MSF works in rehabilitation of hospitals and dispensaries, vaccination programmes and water and sanitation projects. MSF also works in remote health care centres, slum areas and provides training of local personnel. All this is done with the objective of rebuilding health structures to acceptable levels.
|News||Africa News: Health & Medicine
a development, relief, and campaigning organisation dedicated to finding lasting solutions to poverty and suffering around the world. Oxfam works with poor communities, local partners, volunteers, and supporters.
|The Panos AIDS Programme||http://www.panos.org.uk/
go to HIV/AIDS
This Programme exists to provide authoritative, accessible analysis of HIV/AIDS issues, particularly for media in developing countries, and to increase media and NGO capacities to provide high quality information to their own publics.
|Read the World campaign||http://www.educationunlimited.co.uk/specialreports/readtheworld/
In advance of the World Forum on Education for All to be held in Dakar, Senegal, in April, the Guardian has launched a campaign aimed at providing every child with the opportunity of primary education. Read the latest education news and progress of the campaign.
|Tools for Life||www.jhuccp.org/tools/about.htm
Health communication kit for community health workers in Francophone and Anglophone Africa.
|Canadian Women’s Health Network||
Practical information about women’s health and advocacy for discriminated women through race, age, religion, language etc. The CWHN is committed to building regional and national links among organizations and individuals who care about women's health by, for example, providing easier access to health information, resources and research, promoting and developing links to information and action Networks and providing forums for critical debate.
|Institute for Democracy in South Africa
General public interest organisation, involved in democratisation process in SA, hosts information of the ‘Women’s Budget Initiative’ (WBI). It offers publications, a political quarterly magazine (Siyaya), Idasa books and events.
United Nations Children's Fund (Voices of Youth)
You can share ideas about important world issues.
You'll find activities to do and problems to solve.
Teachers (and others) can discuss global education and online learning.
Business & Industry
an online magazine that provides resources for physicians and consumers on promoting minority health through culturally relevant care. Pfizer Inc is the sole sponsor of this web site dedicated to the exploration of multiethnic healthcare issues.
Public Education for All
Global Unions website is jointly owned and managed by a number of international trade union organisations.
Education has in recent years become an important issue for many NGOs, like teachers unions, in their advocacy work at the national and international level. There is a growing conviction that basic education is one of the key factors in the eradication of poverty and that it is the cornerstone of freedom, democracy and sustainable human development. Also in eliminating the worse forms of child labour education plays a vital role.
|World Directory of Trade Unions||http://www.cf.ac.uk/ccin/union/links.html
there are over 1500 links to international union organisations, national unions, locals and union resource sites in every continent.
Visit this site for more information on:
- Trade Union Resources on the Web
- Labour Movement News
- Schedule of Conferences, etc.
|Data for Decision Making (DDM) Project||http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/Organizations/ddm/about.html
Department of Population and International Health (Harvard School of Public Health).
The mission of the project is to work with governments and their senior decision makers to develop national capacities to manage health sector reform. Development of health sector capability requires making optimal use of available data and advanced analytical techniques to identify problems, develop policy, and strengthen management in the health care sector.
|Health and Human Resources
Analysis for Africa (HHRAA)
This USAID site contains many background documents on a variety of health-related issues, as well as references to collaborating African institutions.
Descriptions have been taken and adapted from the web-sites linked to.
We commit ourselves to promoting and attaining the goals of universal and equitable access to quality education, the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, and the access of all to primary health care, making particular efforts to rectify inequalities relating to social conditions and without distinction as to race, national origin, gender, age or disability; respecting and promoting our common and particular cultures; striving to strengthen the role of culture in development; preserving the essential bases of people-centred sustainable development; and contributing to the full development of human resources and to social development. The purpose of these activities is to eradicate poverty, promote full and productive employment and foster social integration.
To this end, at the national level, we will:
(a) Formulate and strengthen time-bound national strategies for the eradication of illiteracy and universalization of basic education, which includes early childhood education, primary education and education for the illiterate, in all communities, in particular for the introduction, if possible, of national languages in the educational system and by support of the various means of non-formal education, striving to attain the highest possible standard of learning;
(b) Emphasize lifelong learning by seeking to improve the quality of education to ensure that people of all ages are provided with useful knowledge, reasoning ability, skills, and the ethical and social values required to develop their full capacities in health and dignity and to participate fully in the social, economic and political process of development. In this regard, women and girls should be considered a priority group;
(c) Ensure that children, particularly girls, enjoy their rights and promote the exercise of those rights by making education, adequate nutrition and health care accessible to them, consistent with the Convention on the Rights of the Child, 13/ and recognizing the rights, duties and responsibilities of parents and other persons legally responsible for children;
(d) Take appropriate and affirmative steps to enable all children and adolescents to attend and complete school and to close the gender gap in primary, secondary, vocational and higher education;
(e) Ensure full and equal access to education for girls and women, recognizing that investing in women's education is the key element in achieving social equality, higher productivity and social returns in terms of health, lower infant mortality and the reduced need for high fertility;
(f) Ensure equal educational opportunities at all levels for children, youth and adults with disabilities, in integrated settings, taking full account of individual differences and situations;
(g) Recognize and support the right of indigenous people to education in a manner that is responsive to their specific needs, aspirations and cultures, and ensure their full access to health care;
(h) Develop specific educational policies, with gender perspective, and design appropriate mechanisms at all levels of society in order to accelerate the conversion of general and specific information available world wide into knowledge, and the conversion of that knowledge into creativity, increased productive capacity and active participation in society;
(i) Strengthen the links between labour market and education policies, realizing that education and vocational training are vital elements in job creation and in combating unemployment and social exclusion in our societies, and emphasize the role of higher education and scientific research in all plans of social development;
(j) Develop broad-based education programmes that promote and strengthen respect for all human rights and fundamental freedoms, including the right to development, promote the values of tolerance, responsibility and respect for the diversity and rights of others, and provide training in peaceful conflict resolution, in recognition of the United Nations Decade for Human Rights Education (1995-2005); 14/
(k) Focus on learning acquisition and outcome, broaden the means and scope of basic education, enhance the environment for learning and strengthen partnerships among Governments, non-governmental organizations, the private sector, local communities, religious groups and families to achieve the goal of education for all;
(l) Establish or strengthen both school-based and community-based health education programmes for children, adolescents and adults, with special attention to girls and women, on a whole range of health issues, as one of the prerequisites for social development, recognizing the rights, duties and responsibilities of parents and other persons legally responsible for children consistent with the Convention on the Rights of the Child;
(m) Expedite efforts to achieve the goals of national Health-for-All strategies, based on equality and social justice in line with the Alma-Ata Declaration on Primary Health Care, 15/ by developing or updating country action plans or programmes to ensure universal, non-discriminatory access to basic health services, including sanitation and drinking water, to protect health, and to promote nutrition education and preventive health programmes;
(n) Strive to ensure that persons with disabilities have access to rehabilitation and other independent living services and assistive technology to enable them to maximize their well-being, independence and full participation in society;
(o) Ensure an integrated and intersectoral approach so as to provide for the protection and promotion of health for all in economic and social development, taking cognizance of the health dimensions of policies in all sectors;
(p) Seek to attain the maternal and child health objectives, especially the objectives of reducing child and maternal mortality, of the World Summit for Children, the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development and the International Conference on Population and Development;
(q) Strengthen national efforts to address more effectively the growing HIV/AIDS pandemic by providing necessary education and prevention services, working to ensure that appropriate care and support services are available and accessible to those affected by HIV/AIDS, and taking all necessary steps to eliminate every form of discrimination against and isolation of those living with HIV/AIDS;
(r) Promote, in all educational and health policies and programmes, environmental awareness, including awareness of unsustainable patterns of consumption and production.
At the international level, we will:
(s) Strive to ensure that international organizations, in particular the international financial institutions, support these objectives, integrating them into their policy programmes and operations as appropriate. This should be complemented by renewed bilateral and regional cooperation;
(t) Recognize the importance of the cultural dimension of development to ensure respect for cultural diversity and that of our common human cultural heritage. Creativity should be recognized and promoted;
(u) Request the specialized agencies, notably the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization and the World Health Organization, as well as other international organizations dedicated to the promotion of education, culture and health, to give greater emphasis to the overriding goals of eradicating poverty, promoting full and productive employment and fostering social integration;
(v) Strengthen intergovernmental organizations that utilize various forms of education to promote culture; disseminate information through education and communication media; help spread the use of technologies; and promote technical and professional training and scientific research;
(w) Provide support for stronger, better coordinated global actions against major diseases that take a heavy toll of human lives, such as malaria, tuberculosis, cholera, typhoid fever and HIV/AIDS; in this context, continue to support the joint and co-sponsored United Nations programme on HIV/AIDS; 16/
(x) Share knowledge, experience and expertise and enhance creativity, for example by promoting the transfer of technology, in the design and delivery of effective education, training and health programmes and policies, including substance-abuse awareness, prevention and rehabilitation programmes, which will result, inter alia, in endogenous capacity-building;
(y) Intensify and coordinate international support for education and health programmes based on respect for human dignity and focused on the protection of all women and children, especially against exploitation, trafficking and harmful practices, such as child prostitution, female genital mutilation and child marriages.