Human Rights Summit
World Conference on Human Rights, Vienna 1993
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E. Implementation and monitoring methods
83. The World Conference on Human Rights urges Governments to incorporate standards as
contained in international human rights instruments in domestic legislation and to
strengthen national structures, institutions and organs of society which play a role in
promoting and safeguarding human rights.
84. The World Conference on Human Rights recommends the strengthening of United Nations
activities and programmes to meet requests for assistance by States which want to
establish or strengthen their own national institutions for the promotion and protection
of human rights.
85. The World Conference on Human Rights also encourages the strengthening of
cooperation between national institutions for the promotion and protection of human
rights, particularly through exchanges of information and experience, as well as
cooperation with regional organizations and the United Nations.
86. The World Conference on Human Rights strongly recommends in this regard that
representatives of national institutions for the promotion and protection of human rights
convene periodic meetings under the auspices of the Centre for Human Rights to examine
ways and means of improving their mechanisms and sharing experiences.
87. The World Conference on Human Rights recommends to the human rights treaty bodies,
to the meetings of chairpersons of the treaty bodies and to the meetings of States parties
that they continue to take steps aimed at coordinating the multiple reporting requirements
and guidelines for preparing State reports under the respective human rights conventions
and study the suggestion that the submission of one overall report on treaty obligations
undertaken by each State would make these procedures more effective and increase their
88. The World Conference on Human Rights recommends that the States parties to
international human rights instruments, the General Assembly and the Economic and Social
Council should consider studying the existing human rights treaty bodies and the various
thematic mechanisms and procedures with a view to promoting greater efficiency and
effectiveness through better coordination of the various bodies, mechanisms and
procedures, taking into account the need to avoid unnecessary duplication and overlapping
of their mandates and tasks.
89. The World Conference on Human Rights recommends continued work on the improvement
of the functioning, including the monitoring tasks, of the treaty bodies, taking into
account multiple proposals made in this respect, in particular those made by the treaty
bodies themselves and by the meetings of the chairpersons of the treaty bodies. The
comprehensive national approach taken by the Committee on the Rights of the Child should
also be encouraged.
90. The World Conference on Human Rights recommends that States parties to human rights
treaties consider accepting all the available optional communication procedures.
91. The World Conference on Human Rights views with concern the issue of impunity of
perpetrators of human rights violations, and supports the efforts of the Commission on
Human Rights and the Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of
Minorities to examine all aspects of the issue.
92. The World Conference on Human Rights recommends that the Commission on Human Rights
examine the possibility for better implementation of existing human rights instruments at
the international and regional levels and encourages the International Law Commission to
continue its work on an international criminal court.
93. The World Conference on Human Rights appeals to States which have not yet done so
to accede to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949 and the Protocols thereto, and to
take all appropriate national measures, including legislative ones, for their full
94. The World Conference on Human Rights recommends the speedy completion and adoption
of the draft declaration on the right and responsibility of individuals, groups and organs
of society to promote and protect universally recognized human rights and fundamental
95. The World Conference on Human Rights underlines the importance of preserving and
strengthening the system of special procedures, rapporteurs, representatives, experts and
working groups of the Commission on Human Rights and the Sub-Commission on the Prevention
of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities, in order to enable them to carry out their
mandates in all countries throughout the world, providing them with the necessary human
and financial resources. The procedures and mechanisms should be enabled to harmonize and
rationalize their work through periodic meetings. All States are asked to cooperate fully
with these procedures and mechanisms.
96. The World Conference on Human Rights recommends that the United Nations assume a
more active role in the promotion and protection of human rights in ensuring full respect
for international humanitarian law in all situations of armed conflict, in accordance with
the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations.
97. The World Conference on Human Rights, recognizing the important role of human
rights components in specific arrangements concerning some peace-keeping operations by the
United Nations, recommends that the Secretary-General take into account the reporting,
experience and capabilities of the Centre for Human Rights and human rights mechanisms, in
conformity with the Charter of the United Nations.
98. To strengthen the enjoyment of economic, social and cultural rights, additional
approaches should be examined, such as a system of indicators to measure progress in the
realization of the rights set forth in the International Covenant on Economic, Social and
Cultural Rights. There must be a concerted effort to ensure recognition of economic,
social and cultural rights at the national, regional and international levels.
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