Sustainable Development / Rio
Human Rights / Vienna
Population / Cairo
Women / Beijing
Social Development / Copenhagen
Human Settlements / Istanbul
Other UN Documents

[ Back to UN Documents of Sustainable Development / Rio Process ]

The Earth Summit

United Nations Conference on Environment and Development
Rio de Janeiro, 1992

Check the Brief Introduction

The cycle of UN Summits and Conferences started with the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 1992. This Conference became known as the Earth Summit.
In Rio, Governments adopted several major agreements aimed at changing the traditional approach to development:

The Rio Declaration on Environment and Development - a series of principles defining the rights and responsibilities of States

Agenda 21 - a comprehensive programme of action for global action in all areas of sustainable development

The Statement of the Forest Principles - a set of principles to underlie the sustainable management of forests world-wide

To follow-up the progress of implementing the agreements made in Rio, the Commission on Sustainable Development was founded which meets every year. In addition, every five years, there would be a Special Session of the UN General Assembly to review the progress.
In its 19th Special Session, the UN General Assembly met in New York in 1997 to review the progress. This meeting became known as Earth Summit II.


[ Home ]          [ E-mail ]          [ Site Map ]