United Nations Convention to Combat
Desertification in Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification,
Particularly in Africa
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Annex IV. Regional Implementation Annex for the Northern
Article 1. Purpose
2. Particular conditions of the northern Mediterranean region
Strategic planning framework for sustainable development
4. Obligation to prepare national action programmes and timetable
5. Preparation and implementation of national action programmes
Article 6. Content of national
Subregional, regional and joint action programmes
8. Coordination of subregional, regional and joint action programmes
Article 9. Non-eligibility
for financial assistance
Coordination with other subregions and regions
The purpose of this Annex is to provide guidelines and arrangements necessary for the
effective implementation of the Convention in affected country Parties of the northern
Mediterranean region in the light of its particular conditions.
The particular conditions of the northern Mediterranean region referred to in article 1
(a) semi-arid climatic conditions affecting large areas, seasonal droughts, very high
rainfall variability and sudden and high-intensity rainfall;
(b) poor and highly erodible soils, prone to develop surface crusts;
(c) uneven relief with steep slopes and very diversified landscapes;
(d) extensive forest coverage losses due to frequent wildfires;
(e) crisis conditions in traditional agriculture with associated land abandonment and
deterioration of soil and water conservation structures;
(f) unsustainable exploitation of water resources leading to serious environmental
damage, including chemical pollution, salinization and exhaustion of aquifers; and
(g) concentration of economic activity in coastal areas as a result of urban growth,
industrial activities, tourism and irrigated agriculture.
1. National action programmes shall be a central and integral part of the strategic
planning framework for sustainable development of the affected country Parties of the
2. A consultative and participatory process, involving appropriate levels of
government, local communities and non-governmental organizations, shall be undertaken to
provide guidance on a strategy with flexible planning to allow maximum local
participation, pursuant to article 10, paragraph 2 (f) of the Convention.
Affected country Parties of the northern Mediterranean region shall prepare national
action programmes and, as appropriate, subregional, regional or joint action programmes.
The preparation of such programmes shall be finalized as soon as practicable.
In preparing and implementing national action programmes pursuant to articles 9 and 10
of the Convention, each affected country Party of the region shall, as appropriate:
(a) designate appropriate bodies responsible for the preparation, coordination and
implementation of its programme;
(b) involve affected populations, including local communities, in the elaboration,
coordination and implementation of the programme through a locally driven consultative
process, with the cooperation of local authorities and relevant non-governmental
(c) survey the state of the environment in affected areas to assess the causes and
consequences of desertification and to determine priority areas for action;
(d) evaluate, with the participation of affected populations, past and current
programmes in order to design a strategy and elaborate activities in the action programme;
(e) prepare technical and financial programmes based on the information gained through
the activities in subparagraphs (a) to (d); and
(f) develop and utilize procedures and benchmarks for monitoring and evaluating the
implementation of the programme.
Affected country Parties of the region may include, in their national action
programmes, measures relating to:
(a) legislative, institutional and administrative areas;
(b) land use patterns, management of water resources, soil conservation, forestry,
agricultural activities and pasture and range management;
(c) management and conservation of wildlife and other forms of biological diversity;
(d) protection against forest fires;
(e) promotion of alternative livelihoods; and
(f) research, training and public awareness.
1. Affected country Parties of the region may, in accordance with article 11 of the
Convention, prepare and implement subregional and/or regional action programmes in order
to complement and increase the efficiency of national action programmes. Two or more
affected country Parties of the region, may similarly agree to prepare a joint action
programme between or among them.
2. The provisions of articles 5 and 6 shall apply mutatis mutandis to the
preparation and implementation of subregional, regional and joint action programmes. In
addition, such programmes may include the conduct of research and development activities
concerning selected ecosystems in affected areas.
3. In preparing and implementing subregional, regional or joint action programmes,
affected country Parties of the region shall, as appropriate:
(a) identify, in cooperation with national institutions, national objectives relating
to desertification which can better be met by such programmes and relevant activities
which could be effectively carried out through them;
(b) evaluate the operational capacities and activities of relevant regional,
subregional and national institutions; and
(c) assess existing programmes relating to desertification among Parties of the region
and their relationship with national action programmes.
Affected country Parties preparing a subregional, regional or joint action programme
may establish a coordination committee composed of representatives of each affected
country Party concerned to review progress in combating desertification, harmonize
national action programmes, make recommendations at the various stages of preparation and
implementation of the subregional, regional or joint action programme, and act as a focal
point for the promotion and coordination of technical cooperation pursuant to articles 16
to 19 of the Convention.
In implementing national, subregional, regional and joint action programmes, affected
developed country Parties of the region are not eligible to receive financial assistance
under this Convention.
Subregional, regional and joint action programmes in the northern Mediterranean region
may be prepared and implemented in collaboration with those of other subregions or
regions, particularly with those of the subregion of northern Africa.
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