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Group of 77 and China (G77)

The Group of 77 (G-77) was established on 15 June 1964 by seventy-seven developing countries signatories of the "Joint Declaration of the Seventy-Seven Countries" issued at the end of the first session of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) in Geneva. Beginning with the first Ministerial Meeting of the Group of 77 in Algiers in 1967, which adopted the Charter of Algiers, a permanent institutional structure gradually developed which led to the creation of Chapters of the Group of 77 in Rome (FAO), Vienna (UNIDO), Paris (UNESCO), Nairobi (UNEP) and the Group of 24 in Washington, D.C. (IMF and World Bank). Although the membership of the G-77 has increased to 133 countries, the original name was retained because of its historic significance.

As the largest Third World coalition in the United Nations, the Group of 77 provides the means for the developing world to articulate and promote its collective economic interests and enhance its joint negotiating capacity on all major international economic issues in the United Nations system, and promote economic and technical cooperation among developing countries (ECDC/TCDC).

The organization and modalities of work of the G-77 in the various Chapters have certain minimal features in common such as a similarity in membership, decision-making and certain operating methods. A chairman who acts as its spokesman coordinates the Group’s work in each Chapter. The chairmanship rotates on a regional basis (between Africa, Asia, and Latin America and the Caribbean) and is held for one year in all the Chapters. Currently the Islamic Republic of Iran holds the Chairmanship of the Group of 77 in New York for the year 2001.

The Ministerial Meeting is the supreme decision-making body of the Group of 77. They are convened annually at the beginning of the regular sessions of the General Assembly of the United Nations in New York and periodically in preparation for UNCTAD sessions and the General Conferences of UNIDO and UNESCO. Special Ministerial Meetings are also called as needed such as on the occasion of the Group's 25th anniversary (Caracas, June 1989) and 30th anniversary (New York, June 1994). In April 2000 the Group of 77 met for the first time at the level of heads of state or government which therefore elevated decision-making within the Group of 77 to the highest political level (South Summit, Havana, Cuba). 

The activities of the Group of 77 are financed through contributions by Member States and other developing countries.


Produces joint declarations, action programmes and agreements on specific topics such as Algiers Charter 1967; Lima Declaration 1971; Manila Declaration 1976; Arusha Programme for Self-Reliance and Framework for Negotiations 1979; Caracas Programme of Action on ECDC 1981; Cairo Declaration on ECDC 1986; Havana Declaration 1987; Agreement on a Global System of Trade Preferences among Developing Countries (GSTP) 1988; Caracas Declaration 1989; Tehran Declaration 1991; 30th Anniversary Ministerial Declaration 1994; Ministerial Statement on "An Agenda for Development" 1994; the San Jose Declaration and Plan of Action on South-South Trade, Investment and Finance 1997; and the Bali Declaration and Plan of Action on Regional and Subregional Economic Cooperation of the Developing Countries (1998). 

Makes statements, sponsors and negotiates resolutions and decisions at global conferences and other meetings held under the aegis of the United Nations dealing with international economic cooperation and development. 

Sponsors projects in developing countries through funding from the Perez-Guerrero Trust Fund. 


Office of the Chairman of the Group of 77
United Nations Headquarters, Room S-3959
New York, N.Y. 10017, U.S.A.
Phone: (212) 963-0192 | (212) 963-3816
Fax: (212) 963-3515 | (212) 963-1753



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