77 and China (G77)
Group of 77 (G-77) was established on 15 June 1964 by seventy-seven
developing countries signatories of the "Joint Declaration of the
Seventy-Seven Countries" issued at the end of the first session of
the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) in Geneva.
Beginning with the first Ministerial Meeting of the Group of 77 in Algiers
in 1967, which adopted the Charter of Algiers, a permanent institutional
structure gradually developed which led to the creation of Chapters of the
Group of 77 in Rome (FAO), Vienna (UNIDO), Paris (UNESCO), Nairobi (UNEP)
and the Group of 24 in Washington, D.C. (IMF and World Bank). Although the
membership of the G-77 has increased to 133 countries, the original name
was retained because of its historic significance.
As the largest Third World coalition in the United
Nations, the Group of 77 provides the means for the developing world to
articulate and promote its collective economic interests and enhance its
joint negotiating capacity on all major international economic issues in
the United Nations system, and promote economic and technical cooperation
among developing countries (ECDC/TCDC).
The organization and modalities of work of the G-77 in
the various Chapters have certain minimal features in common such as a
similarity in membership, decision-making and certain operating methods. A
chairman who acts as its spokesman coordinates the Group’s work in each
Chapter. The chairmanship rotates on a regional basis (between Africa,
Asia, and Latin America and the Caribbean) and is held for one year in all
the Chapters. Currently the Islamic Republic of Iran holds the
Chairmanship of the Group of 77 in New York for the year 2001.
The Ministerial Meeting is the supreme decision-making
body of the Group of 77. They are convened annually at the beginning of
the regular sessions of the General Assembly of the United Nations in New
York and periodically in preparation for UNCTAD sessions and the General
Conferences of UNIDO and UNESCO. Special Ministerial Meetings are also
called as needed such as on the occasion of the Group's 25th anniversary
(Caracas, June 1989) and 30th anniversary (New York, June 1994). In April
2000 the Group of 77 met for the first time at the level of heads of state
or government which therefore elevated decision-making within the Group of
77 to the highest political level (South Summit, Havana, Cuba).
The activities of the Group of 77 are financed through
contributions by Member States and other developing countries.
Produces joint declarations, action programmes and agreements on specific
topics such as Algiers Charter 1967; Lima Declaration 1971; Manila
Declaration 1976; Arusha Programme for Self-Reliance and Framework for
Negotiations 1979; Caracas Programme of Action on ECDC 1981; Cairo
Declaration on ECDC 1986; Havana Declaration 1987; Agreement on a
Global System of Trade Preferences among Developing Countries (GSTP)
1988; Caracas Declaration 1989; Tehran Declaration 1991; 30th
Anniversary Ministerial Declaration 1994; Ministerial Statement on
"An Agenda for Development" 1994; the San Jose Declaration
and Plan of Action on South-South Trade, Investment and Finance 1997;
and the Bali Declaration and Plan of Action on Regional and
Subregional Economic Cooperation of the Developing Countries
Makes statements, sponsors and negotiates resolutions and decisions at
global conferences and other meetings held under the aegis of the
United Nations dealing with international economic cooperation and
Sponsors projects in developing countries through funding from the
Perez-Guerrero Trust Fund.
of the Chairman of the Group of 77
United Nations Headquarters, Room S-3959
New York, N.Y. 10017, U.S.A.
(212) 963-0192 | (212) 963-3816
Fax: (212) 963-3515 | (212) 963-1753