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Structural Adjustment Programmes

In this section you will find information and relevant documents relating to structural adjustment programmes. Click on the links to go to the relevant documents and paragraphs or download all listed documents in one TXT FILE (47 KB) or ZIP FILE (15 KB).

International Agreements

Preparatory Committee for the Special Session of the General Assembly on the Implementation of the Outcome of the World Summit for Social Development, SOC/4513, 15 July 1999
Addressing commitment 8

World Summit on Social Development, Copenhagen 1995

Commitment 8 from the Copenhagen Declaration on Social Development

Programme for Action of the World Summit for Social Development:

Chapter III : Expansion of Productive Employment and Reduction of Unemployment
Section A the centrality of employment in policy formulation, point 49 

Chapter IV : Social Integration; especially section C. Equality and social justice, point 74

Chapter V : Implementation and follow-up ; especially C: Mobilisation of financial resources, point 91, 92

Commission on Social Development (CsocDev)

Decision 4/14. Financial resources and mechanisms, point 18 (a)

Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, Earth Summit 1992:
Agenda 21:
Section I. Social and Economic Dimensions
Chapter 2: International Cooperation to Accelerate Sustainable development in developing Countries and Related Domestic Policies
Section A. Promoting sustainable development through trade, points 2.11, 2.12
Section D. Encouraging economic policies conducive to sustainable development, points 2.34

Chapter 3. Combating Poverty
points 3.10 (e)

Chapter 24. Global Action For Women Towards Sustainable and Equitable Development
Points 24.8 (b)

Section IV. Means of Implementation
Chapter 33. Financial Resources and Mechanisms, point 33.14
Chapter 36. Promoting Education, Public Awareness and Training, point 36.18

Human Rights Review
Section VII Rights of the Child, point 52

International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD), Cairo 1994
Chapter 3 : Interrelationships between Population, sustained Economic Growth and Sustainable Development
Section B. Population, sustained economic growth and poverty, point 3.22

Chapter 8: Health, Morbidity and Mortality
Section A. Primary health care and the health-care sector, point 8.2

Chapter 13 : National Action
Section C. Resource mobilization and allocation, point 13.12 

4th World Conference on Women
Chapter 1. Resolution 1. annex II - The Beijing Platform for Action
II. Global Framework
point 13

IV. Strategic Objectives and Actions
A. Women and poverty
point 47

IV. Strategic Objectives and Actions
C. Women and Health, point 91

Strategic objective A.1 point 58 (b)

Strategic objective A.4 point 67 (a)

Section F. Women and the Economy, point 151

Strategic objective F.4, point 175 (b)

Strategic objective F.5, point 178 (e)

Habitat II Conference, Istanbul 1996
Habitat Agenda
Istanbul Declaration on Human Settlements
Chapter III. Commitments
B. Sustainable human settlements, point 43 (w)

Chapter IV: Global Plan of Action
C. Sustainable human settlements development in an urbanizing world.
9. Improving Urban Economies, point 162

E. International Cooperation and coordination
3. Financial resources and economic instruments, point 204 (d).

F. Implementation and follow-up of the Habitat Agenda
Part 3. Implementation at the international level, point 236

UN Commissions

Commission on the Status of Women 1992
Resolution 36/5. Women and development
point 10

Chapter IV. Priority Themes
B. Development
1. Integration of women in the process of development
Point 81

NGO Documents

OneWorld Directory
Directory of organisations and documents concerned with Structural Adjustment Programmes's guides aim to challenge and inform, questioning assumptions and suggesting alternatives on the subjects that really matter


Halifax Initiative Canada
The Halifax Initiative is a coalition of environment, development, social justice and faith groups deeply concerned about the policies and practices of the international financial institutions and committed to their fundamental reform. The Halifax Initiative has established itself as the Canadian presence for public interest advocacy and education on international financial institutional reform. The coalition's work is currently focused on the issues of multilateral debt relief, World Bank energy policy and practice and international currency speculation.
Visit sections on: Structural Adjustment


Third World Network
Paper on Economic recession, structural adjustment and health
Reports and studies from a number of sources including government health ministries, UNICEF, non-government agencies and even sections of the World Bank, point to significant welfare reversals over the past decade in many countries implementing structural adjustment programmes (SAPs). These reports are contradicted by the World Bank's 1993 World Development Report which maintains that adjusting is more beneficial to health and welfare than non-adjustment, and that any negative impact is limited and temporary. The following statement from the International People's Health Council (IPHC) and the Third World Network outlines the process whereby SAPs are likely to affect health, summarises the empirical evidence for such effects, draws conclusions about the impact of SAPs on health and makes recommendations regarding their future application.


Structural Adjustment Participatory Review International Network
Standing up to structural adjustment




CSD NGO Women's Caucus Effects of Structural Adjustment on Women and the Poor
Position Papers: Finance & Trade



Descriptions have been taken and adapted from the web-sites linked to.


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