Earth Summit 2002   Capacity Building

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Local Government Freshwater Capacity Building in Asia Pacific


Key Discussion Points

Capacity Building

Stakeholder Process

Defining the Problem

Jurisdictional Aspects


Performance Indicators

Essential Linkages

Building on Previous Experience



Further Clarification

Initial Proposals

Marketing the Initiative



1. Capacity Building

Capacity Building – need to be clear on the definition and assumptions going into this

Capacity Building at the local government level vs. the citizen level vs. other levels (including water retailers)

Capacity Building at all levels of the water management cycle

Awareness raising and water cycle education

Learning Leaders (ICLEI)

Development of relevant decision support tools

Importance of training and mentorship of tomorrow’s leaders (youth)

Importance of better water governance


2. Stakeholder Process

Strategy for working with the public as part of the stakeholder process

Local knowledge and “wisdom” in managing ecosystems and resources in a holistic manner using stakeholder process

Importance of an informed public


3. Defining the Problem

Question of scale - Get the problem identified at the right scale

Recognition that behavioural change is fundamental


4. Jurisdictional Aspects

How to address jurisdictional issues (Washington State example)

Need to address water as a system in an integrated manner with a focus on sustainable urban planning and development

How are the issues of water rights and water ownership being addressed?


5. Communication

Better communication of scientific and technical data to support informed decision making

Package the information to make it easier for people to access

Clarify what we have already learned

Make effective use of the media in communicating scientific and other information

Make sustainability about people themselves – link to health


6. Performance Indicators

Performance indicators – What are they?

Need to ask the right questions (Are we doing the things that matter most?)

Clarify the process of establishing the criteria and benchmarks for success

Definition of best practice

Aspects to address:

      Do we know what is going on? (Do we understand the problem?)

      Do we know what to do to affect change?

      Can we choose? (Does the political will exist?)

      Translation into something that people understand  (MEGO to OMG ratio)


7. Essential Linkages

Links to local governments and related institutions

Link to Youth Action Team

Link to UNEP/IETC Cities as Sustainable Ecosystems (CASE) Initiative

Link to Melbourne Principles

Don’t reinvent the wheel

Link to the other players working on the health aspects

Link to IWA water utility efficiency initiative (similar to that developed through the African Water Utilities Partnership)

Share case studies and success stories through GWP Toolbox, UNESCO/WWAP, WWC/Water Actions for WWF3


8. Building on Previous Experience

Australian Water Campaign




Example – Australian Campaign

2 Thrusts:

Water quality improvement

Water conservation

3 Targets:




... Builds on links to key partners (e.g. Australian Water Association)


Example – Japan

Survey of the major players in the Japanese water sector

Promotion of more integrated approaches



Further Clarification

Initial Proposals

Marketing the Initiative



Further Clarification

Questions to be addressed

Issues to be addressed

Items to be clarified


Questions to be addressed

Which are the initial municipalities thus far identified as part of this initiative?

What is already going on in Asia Pacific? (and elsewhere?)– Need a roadmap on this.

What are the information gaps? …and opportunities to link to issues that will motivate action?


Issues to be addressed

The issue of scale – Understanding the issue and the best scale at which to address it

The need to evaluate what has been done, what is being done, what we have learned and how this initiative is linked to other initiatives


Items to be clarified

The specific roles of local governments, citizens, industry and other stakeholders

The role of awareness and education with emphasis on the translation of scientific and technical data into information that stakeholders can understand

The rationale behind the principles which have been developed to support this initiative


Proposals for an AP Initiative

1. ICLEI could prepare and distribute a simple guide on “things that should be done” in launching a campaign at the local level (This could be linked to the public awareness and education components of the campaign)

2. ICLEI already has a number of decision support tools and checklists and can package these for local authorities.  IETC can provide support through introductory guides, sourcebooks, train-the-trainer kits, e-learning, EST-Performance Assessment (EST-PA), EST-Information Systems (EST-IS), etc…


Marketing the AP Initiative

Need a Constituency Map

Work with cities in Asia Pacific already familiar with the ICLEI process (i.e. the Cities for Climate Protection Campaign)

Use Mekong River Commission as a possible point of entry

Build on complementary initiatives and issues (e.g. Australian Victorian Women’s Trust on gender issues)


Possible Funding for the AP Initiative

GPA and GEF links – “White Water to Blue Water”

National Governments

Other Key Organisations

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