views and proposals related to the 10 year review of progress in the
Implementation of Agenda 21
letter dated 27 December 1999, the USG for Economic Affairs, pursuant to GA
decision 54/218 requests the Swiss government to present its "views and
proposals related to the ten-year review of progress in the implementation of
Agenda 21, including its views on possible ways and means of ensuring effective
preparations for the review, as well as its suggestions for the form, scope and
nature of the preparatory process." This paper intends to respond to the
After the accomplishment of UNCED, the success in the implementation of
the Rio Declaration Agenda 21 and the Forest Principles has been mixed. The
findings of the five-year review of UNCED at the 19th Special Session of the
General Assembly in 1997 are both testimony to the imperfect accomplishment in
the realization of the UNCED commitments as well as an endorsement of renewed
efforts to attain the Rio commitments and to strengthen further the
international, regional, national and local commitment to the concept of
.10 years after UNCED, Switzerland is of the opinion that the global
debate on Sustainable Development requires a new impetus. This should be
achieved not merely by an ex post review of the accomplishments and failures
since Rio, but by a forward-looking process which builds on the spirit and
success of UNCED, and which is both evolutionary and innovative.
.Priority should be given to a process and debate, which is country-based
and regional-based. At Rio, countries committed themselves to elaborate in a
participatory process a National Strategy for Sustainable Development, the so
called "NSSD-target 2002". The NSSD process and the results achieved
should be the basis on which substantive issues are to be addressed in a
realistic and self-responsible manner.
achievement of Sustainable Development should be the overriding theme for Rio+
10, as it encompasses the interdependent triangle of economic, ecological and
the program adopted at Rio+5 must be pursued, Agenda 21 remains the foundation
upon which further progress towards sustainable development must be achieved.
What is needed in an early stage of the preparatory process for Rio+ 10 is the
development of a vision for Rio+ 10: What are the desired outcomes? How can they
10 agenda should be agreed in a process of consultations between developed and
developing countries and with the active involvement of all stakeholders.
Switzerland's view, only a well-focussed agenda will allow for satisfactory
results. The following considerations might be useful to choose priorities:
was perceived by many countries to have a strong focus on environmental aspects.
While countries must continue to protect the global environment, in particular
by further developing the global environmental agreements, the economic and
social pillars of Sustainable Development should be given more consideration in
the Rio+ 10 process.
UNCED, Rio+ 10 should put a special focus on development aspects. In that
context, poverty reduction should be the central issue to be addressed. The goal
must therefore be a development pattern, which not only takes into account
economic growth and the protection of the environment, but also assures
broad-based participation and an equitable distribution of economic benefits.
same vein, changing production and consumption patterns remains of crucial
importance, particularly for developed countries. The improved efficiency of
resource use and sustainable energy could be addressed in this context, as well
as issues related to freshwater .
new developments on the global level since Rio should be taken into account.
They present at the same time challenges and opportunities. Globalization,
foreign direct investment, new financial instruments and technologies offer new
means to promote sustainable development and address inequalities. Financing of
sustainable development should be discussed in such a broader perspective. On
the other hand, market and policy failures should also be addressed.
the implementation of sustainable development mainly has to occur at the
national level, global institutions play an important role in assisting
countries to develop and implement the appropriate policies and measures. The
further strengthening of the global institutions and instruments in the fields
of environment and sustainable development should therefore be part of the Rio+
implementation of the outcome of Rio+ 10 must be assured. In order to do so,
suitable instruments should be identified and more emphasis should be put on a
better co-ordination and integration of relevant policies. In particular such
issues as institutional development and capacity building should be addressed.
preparatory process and possible outcomes.
arrangements for Rio+ 10 as well as the preparatory process should be structured
along the lines of those used for UNCED. Switzerland proposes that Rio+ 10 will
be held as a World Conference at the level of Heads of State and Government
rather than a Special Session of the General Assembly. At the same time,
procedural measures should be put into place -both at the international and the
national level -to enable a broad participation and active involvement of the
civil society I non- governmental organizations, the private sector as well as
scientific circles in the preparatory process and the World Conference.
Switzerland is ready to include NGOs and members of the Civil Society into this
political declaration of Heads of State and Government might be appropriate to
capture the main outcome and to insure ways and means for their translation into
In addition to the political commitment by all states,
the support and commitment of the private sector partners should be sought.
Venue of Rio+ 10
Given that Rio+ 10 should stand as a symbol of
universality and international solidarity. Switzerland proposes that the World
Conference be held in a developing country .
Conscious of the fact that the organization of a global
conference demands important financial means, Switzerland also suggests that
industrialized countries as well as other countries in a position to do so
assist in funding the preparatory process as well as the holding of the World
Conference. Switzerland for its part would be prepared to make such a