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 EU Non-paper on the preparation for the review of Agenda 21 and the Programme for the further implementation of Agenda 21  

An effective, integrated and co-ordinated approach to the implementation and follow-up of the major United Nations Conferences and Summits continues to be a priority for the European Union.

Global change continues to accelerate and sustainability still remains a distant target, with a widening gap of the rich and the poor and increasing degradation of the natural environment with consequent \ resource pressures. There is a need to revitalise the sustainability debate, to bring new partners into the process and develop new and innovative approaches, while at the same time recognising that Agenda 21 and the other Rio agreements provide a foundation on which to build.

  The CSD7, in 1999, taking into account the EU initiative, requested the Secretary-General to present a preliminary report for initial discussion at the CSD8, containing, inter alia, suggestions for the form, scope and nature of the preparatory process for the next comprehensive review of the implementation of Agenda 21, \1Iith a view to providing guidance to the Secretary-General in preparations for his report to the GA at its 55th session, where the final decision will be taken.

  In the meantime ECOSOC in July 2000 will address the follow-up of the Global Agenda under the agenda item 'Follow-up of the UN conferences', which will also contribute to the General Assembly decision on this matter.

  At UNGASS in 1997, all countries agreed to elaborate by 2002 national strategies for sustainable development, which are a key issue to achieve sustainable development. 

The European Union will prepare, by 2001, a long-term strategy for sustainable development, that integrates the economic, social and environmental dimensions.

  The European Union is of the opinion that the following main points should be considered in relation to the CSD10 and a UN Conference in 2002, the latter which we propose to call "World Summit on Sustainable Development":


  There should be a link between the l0-year review of Agenda 21 and the Rio process and the follow-up of other United Nations Conferences and also the final event on Financing for Development in 200 1, that should be taken into consideration to avoid overlapping and enhance coherence on the several agendas.

  The EU proposes that CSD 10, in April 2002, should concentrate on stocktaking in the implementation of Agenda 21 at the national, regional and global levels. It should also serve as the PREPCOM to the Summit.

  An adequate and timely preparation of the Summit is important and United nations Institutions should be encouraged to start preparing their contributions as soon as possible, taking into account the inputs from regional processes, which might take place in 2001.

  It is important to stress the role of different partners and to ensure an interactive dialogue, building on the modalities that have successfully evolved in CSD. The Summit has the potential of increasing the level of commitment of civil society partners. A constructive participation of the civil society and the NGOs and special groups, especially the business sect~ is crucial and should be supported, not only in the Summit but also in the preparatory process. )


  The venue, format, modalities and scope of the Summit are closely linked together and also have an effect to the level of attendance; therefore these issues should be addressed in parallel.

  The Summit should be held either in Africa or in Asia. This would increase the involvement of the civil society and businesses, as well as raise general awareness and media attention.

Adequate participation by Least Developed Countries, in the preparation of and the Summit itself should be a concern of the entire international community.

The World Summit should have a focused agenda in order to attract attendance at the highest political level.


Building on the Rio Declaration and Agenda 21 and considering the comprehensive review, the Summit should assess major future challenges and provide guidance for addressing them.

One of the major purposes of the Summit should be to bring renewed high level political commitment to achieve sustainable development. It is also important to stress that the Summit should not renegotiate what is agreed in Agenda 21 and the Rio Declaration.

As a further integration of all dimensions of sustainable development has to be achieved. the Summit should look for an integrated effective and co-ordinated approach to future challenges, such as:

  poverty and environment, including the social dimension of sustainable development;

  reverse the decline of natural resources through a more efficient use;

  links between the environment and security;

  national and local sustainable development strategies;

  strengthening of the institutional framework for sustainable development;

  follow-up and further review, including the further programme of work for the CSD.

The European Union wishes that the Kyoto Protocol in to 2002 will have entered into force. The European Union looks forward to continuing the dialogue with others regarding these issues.