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A range of inter-active national review materials for governments & major groups Briefing papers on the key issues along with toolkits of information The archive of our monthly online newsletter, Network 2002 Arranged by majorgroup - links of the key players Our supporting partners from around the world
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Climate Change & Energy 


Addressing some of the key problems associated to climate change and carbon dioxide emissions, the paper profiles key proposals for improvement, in particular: energy efficiency and renewable energies. The paper also contains a concise overview of the evolution of the Framework Convention and Kyoto Protocol since 1992. Summary tables are presented on: regional energy emission and climate change trends; the role of stakeholder groups; and inter-linkages of sustainable energy and climate change to other sustainable development issues.

Briefing paper on Climate Change and Energy - PDF format

Briefing paper on Climate Change and Energy - Rich Text Format

Other Useful Resources...

Click for links to:


Latest Developments

Key Documents

Climate Change & Energy - the United Nations Conferences

Stakeholder Resources

Business & Industry

Indigenous Peoples

            Interfaith Community

            Local Authorities

            Multilateral Organisations

            Non-Governmental Organisations


            Scientists & Technologists

            Trade Unions

            United Nations



Regional Resources     

Nuclear Energy Resources



Latest Developments

  • United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change: Homepage for official negotiations.

  • Kyoto Protocol: Check the status of ratification.

  • Earth Negotiations Bulletin – Climate Change: Reporting on latest developments in the official negotiations process.

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Key Documents

  • Agenda 21: Chapter 9: Protection of the Atmosphere (UNCED Earth Summit, Rio, 1992)

  • (See section on UNCED below for more relevant sections in Agenda 21)

  • Programme for the Future Implementation of Agenda 21 (Rio +5, New York, 1997)

  • (Paragraphs 42-46 on energy, 48-56 on atmosphere.)

  • Report of the Secretary General on Energy and Transport (Word format) - UN World Summit on Sustainable Development background document (2001)

  • Texts of the Framework Convention on Climate Change & the Kyoto Protocol (1992/1997)

  • Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Assessment Reports “3rd Assessment Report” - Policy-makers summaries (2001). “2nd Assessment Report” - Policy-makers summaries (all six UN languages)(1995). 1st Assessment Report” - not available on-line

  • World Energy Assessment. UNDP, DESA, World Energy Council (2000)

  • Report of the Interactive Thematic Session on Energy. UN Conference on the Least Developed Countries (2001)

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Climate Change, Energy & the United Nations Conferences Click here


Stakeholder Resources


Business & Industry

  • Climate Care: Climate Care offers a climate change offset service, letting clients compensate for their impact on the atmosphere.

  • C LEVEL: through the process of Climate Balancing C LEVEL provides solutions to global warming based on changes in behaviour and the adoption of low carbon technologies. 

  • Commission on Sustainable Development 9th Session Dialogue: Energy & Transport: Business & Industry Paper  

  • Energy Resource 2001 (online energy exhibition)

  • Future Forests: plants trees to offset carbon dioxide emissions.

  • Global Climate Coalition: An organisation of trade associations established to coordinate business participation in the international policy debate on the issue of global climate change (negative).

  • GREENTIE (Greenhouse Gas Technology Information Exchange): International information network of suppliers whose technologies help reduce GHG emissions.

  • International Chamber of Commerce, Energy page

  • International Emissions Trading Association (IETA): Dedicated to the establishment of effective systems for business trading in greenhouse gas emissions

  • IPIECA (International Petroleum Industry Environmental Conservation Association): Association of petroleum equipment contractors involved in global environmental and health issues relating to this industry.

  • Safe Climate, Sound Business: BP, General Motors, Monsanto, World Resources Institute collaboration on implementing internal actions to combat climate change.

  • Stop Esso: Campaigning against Esso/Exxon Mobile’s policies regarding climate change.

  • Sustainable Development International Climate Change and Energy pages

  • WBCSD GHG Protocol Initiative: An international corporate standard for measuring/reporting business GHG emissions.

Indigenous Peoples   

  • International Forum of Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities on Climate Change - accessible via World Rainforest Movement, Indigenous Environment Network or Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization.

  • “Declaration of the 1st International Forum of Indigenous Peoples on Climate Change”

  • Inuit Observations on Climate Change

  • “The Threat of Climate Change to Arctic Human Communities” Greenpeace

Interfaith Community

  • “The Earth’s Atmosphere: Responsible Caring and Equitable Sharing for a Global Commons” World Council of Churches (2000)

Local Authorities

Multilateral Organisations 

  • G8 Renewable Energy Taskforce: To identify actions that can be taken to promote a step change in the supply, distribution and use of renewable energy in developing countries.

  • Global Environment Facility: FCCC financial mechanism for projects designed to reduce the risks of global climate change while providing energy for sustainable development.

  • International Energy Agency: Autonomous agency linked with the OECD with members committed to taking joint measures to meet oil supply emergencies, share energy information and to co-operate in energy programmes.

  • World Bank – Energy homepage and “Energy & Development Report 2000” World Bank (2000)

Non-Governmental Organisations

  • Alternative Non Governmental Agreement on Climate Change. (Global Forum, Rio, 1992)

  • Alternative Non Governmental Treaty on Energy. (Global Forum, Rio, 1992)

  • Beyond Kyoto:  Is it Time for a leadership Initiative on Climate Change? Heinrich Böll Foundation (2000)

  • Climate Action Network: Largest coalition of climate change focused NGOs.

  • Climate Voice: Giving global citizens a voice in demanding the cessation of global warming.

  • Commission on Sustainable Development 9th Session: Dialogue on Energy & Transport: NGOs Paper

  • Commission on Sustainable Development NGO Energy Caucus: Promoting Energy and Climate Change issues in the UN’s Commission on Sustainable Development.

  • Corporate Watch Climate Justice: Working to redefine the issue of global warming as a question of local and global justice.

  • Friends of the Earth International, Climate Change Campaigns page

  • Global Commons Institute: Promotion of Contraction and Convergence as the solution to greenhouse gas emission quota distribution.

  • Global Energy Marketplace: A gateway to sustainable energy information on the Internet.

  • Helio International: Monitoring the development of energy policies in promoting sustainable and equitable development. 

  • INFORSE: International network of NGOs promoting sustainable energy and social development.

  • International Institute for Energy Conservation: Working to bring the power of sustainable energy solutions to developing countries and economies in transition.

  • Oil Watch: International network of grassroots environmental and human rights organisations from tropical countries opposing oil company activities.

  • Royal Institute of International Affairs, Energy & Environment Programme: Works with business, government, academic and NGO experts to carry out and publish research and stimulate debate on key energy and environment issues with international implications, particularly those just emerging in to the consciousness of policy-makers. Ratifying the Kyoto Protocol: The Case for Japanese-Russian Joint Implementation” RIIA Briefing Paper, Benito Müller (2001)

  • SafeClimate: Where you can take action to reduce your impact on the world’s changing climate by calculating the carbon dioxide footprint of you or your organization and learn about energy savings and climate friendly products.

  • Stockholm Environment Institute, Climate & Energy Resources

  • Tiempo: To promote communication between the nations of the North and South on the issue of climate change and to promote the interests of developing nations in the climate debate.

  • World Energy Council: Global multi-energy organization promoting the sustainable use and supply of energy.

  • World Resources Institute, Climate & Atmosphere: Portal to WRI projects aimed at the halting of global climate change. “The US, Developing Countries, & Climate Protection: Leadership or Stalemate?” WRI (2001)

  • World Sustainable Energy Coalition: Supports worldwide action to implement the Global Energy Charter by functioning as a Clearing House for the exchange of information on sustainable energy technologies with examples of regulations and case studies.

  • WWF International, Climate Campaigns


  • Globe Southern Africa, Climate Change page

Scientists & Technologists

  • Climate Technology Initiative: To promote the objectives of the UNFCCC by fostering international co-operation for accelerated development and diffusion of climate-friendly technologies and practices for all activities and greenhouse gases.

  • Commission on Sustainable Development 9th Session: Dialogue on Energy & Transport: Scientific & Technology Community Paper

  • Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change: WMO/UNEP instituted body to assess the scientific, technical and socio-economic information relevant for the understanding of the risk of human-induced climate change.

  • IUCN - The World Conservation Network, Climate Change Initiative

  • Solar Cookers International

Trade Unions

United Nations 

  • Commission on Sustainable Development 9th Session: Energy page

  • Ad Hoc Open-Ended Intergovernmental Group of Experts on Energy and Sustainable Development: Established to prepare inputs to the Commission on Sustainable Development’s 9th Session.

  • Committee on Energy & Natural Resources for Development: Government nominated experts meeting biennially on issues relating to energy and water.

  • Food & Agriculture Organisation, Energy & Environmental Technology

  • “The Energy & Agriculture Nexus” FAO (2000)

  • International Atomic Energy Agency

  • UNCTAD Greenhouse Gas Emissions Trading Scheme: Developing an integrated global emissions trading system in which all countries could participate.

  • United Nations Development Programme, Sustainable Energy & Environment Division

  • “Energy After Rio: Prospects & Challenges” (French / Spanish) UNDP (1997)

  • United Nations Environment Programme, Energy Programme

  • Collaborating Center on Energy & Environment: Collaborating center of UNEP specializing in energy and environmental issues. Supports UNEP in its aim of incorporating environmental aspects into energy planning and policy worldwide, with special emphasis on developing countries.

  • UNESCO World Solar Commission: To promote renewable energy technology use via World Solar Programme 1996-2005.

  • United Nations Industrial Development Organisation, Energy & Environment, and Climate Convention & Kyoto Protocol Branch pages.

  • “World Energy Assessment” UNDP/DESA/ World Energy Council report on the scientific and academic background for international negotiation and debate on sustainable energy and development.

  • World Health Organisation, Climate & Health page

  • World Meteorological Organisation – World Climate Research Programme


  • Energia: International network linking those concerned with energy, environment and women.

  • Regional Network of Women & Sustainable Energy in Africa


Click here for links to Regional Resources


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Nuclear Energy Resources

  • American Nuclear Society  

  • CND Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament in UK and against nuclear power http://www.cnduk.org/inform~1/nukepow.htm

  • International Atomic Energy Agency

  • Nuclear Energy Agency

  • Nuclear Information & Resource Service


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Last up-dated August 2002. If you would like your link included here please contact: bhiblin@earthsummit2002.org